home economics

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home economics,

study of homemaking and the relation of the home to the community. Formerly limited to problems of food (nutrition and cookery), clothing, sewing, textiles, household equipment, housecleaning, housing, hygiene, and household economics, it later came to include many aspects of family relations, parental education, consumer education, and institutional management. The application of scientific techniques to home economics was developed under the leadership of Ellen Henrietta Swallow RichardsRichards, Ellen Henrietta Swallow,
1842–1911, American chemist, educator, and organizer of the home economics movement, b. Dunstable, Mass., grad. Vassar, 1870. In 1870 she began the study of chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, being the first woman to
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; later an emphasis was placed on the social, economic, and aesthetic aspects. Although called in some countries home science, household arts, domestic science, or domestic economy, the subject is known today in the United States as home economics, and specialized terms are used for its subdivisions. The field of home economics has, at different times, emphasized training in needlework, cookery, the management of servants, the preparation of medicines, and food preservation; such instruction was once given mainly in the home and from a practical rather than a scientific standpoint. In the United States the teaching of cooking and sewing in the public schools was coincident with manual training for boys, beginning in the 1880s. State institutions, notably in Iowa, Kansas, and Illinois, pioneered in introducing home economics courses on the college level in the 1870s. In 1914, the Smith-Lever Act made federal funds available for extension work in home economics and agriculture, in cooperation with the states; through this provision, supplemented by later acts, home demonstration work is carried on in many rural localities. The Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 instituted secondary school vocational education in home economics and other fields. Home economics, once taught only to women, is now taught to both men and women; in the United States home economics courses are taught mainly at the secondary school level, more commonly in rural than in urban areas. The International Federation of Home Economics, an organization devoted to the teaching of home economics on a worldwide basis, has members in over 60 countries.

Bibliography

See S. Schuler and E. M. Schuler, The Householders' Encyclopedia (1973); M. B. Tate, Home Economics As a Profession (2d ed. 1973).

home economics

the study of diet, budgeting, child care, textiles, and other subjects concerned with running a home
References in periodicals archive ?
However, in Creating Consumers: Home Economists in Twentieth-Century America, Carolyn M.
Situated in a former 1950s supermarket-turned-furniture store, the newest location of the Charlotte, NC-based Home Economist Market offers its customers a comfortable, relaxed place to shop.
Samantha Square, who is also a home economist, and Metro Bar & Grill in Cornwall Street hosted the event aimed at raising a minimum of pounds 20,000 for the Tsunami appeal.
Betty MacKay, a woman of extraordinary culinary talent, was the first Home Economist for Winnipeg Hydro.
Taylor, a home economist and food technologist, started the company in August 1984 in her home kitchen.
Each food contains food serving(s) from one or more of the established fruit, grain, vegetable, dairy, and/or meat groupings," says Annetta Cook, home economist.
Among her many honors were the 1975 Outstanding North Dakota Home Economist of the Year, the 1975 N.
Though not Hopi-born herself (she is Native American), Kavena, a home economist and former cooperative extension agent, was adopted into the tribe and has been married to Hopi Wilmer Kavena for more than 50 years.
The volume, co-edited by home economist Virginia Vincenti and feminist historian Sarah Stage, is divided into five thematic sections.
The Home Economist is a collection of publications designed to offer information to homeowners, renters, and family planners about a variety of topics such as investing, banking insurance, home renovation, repair and decoration, vacation planning, major purchases, and nutrition, among others.
So I asked the home economist on The Alan Titchmarsh Show, the lovely Julia Alger, why this is and she says that it's because if you over-mix, the muffins won't rise as well as they should and will have a heavy, dense texture.
I want to pay tribute to the late Thelma Banks Johnson, a fellow home economist and a product of the American dream, who died last fall at age 103.

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