home economics

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home economics,

study of homemaking and the relation of the home to the community. Formerly limited to problems of food (nutrition and cookery), clothing, sewing, textiles, household equipment, housecleaning, housing, hygiene, and household economics, it later came to include many aspects of family relations, parental education, consumer education, and institutional management. The application of scientific techniques to home economics was developed under the leadership of Ellen Henrietta Swallow RichardsRichards, Ellen Henrietta Swallow,
1842–1911, American chemist, educator, and organizer of the home economics movement, b. Dunstable, Mass., grad. Vassar, 1870. In 1870 she began the study of chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, being the first woman to
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; later an emphasis was placed on the social, economic, and aesthetic aspects. Although called in some countries home science, household arts, domestic science, or domestic economy, the subject is known today in the United States as home economics, and specialized terms are used for its subdivisions. The field of home economics has, at different times, emphasized training in needlework, cookery, the management of servants, the preparation of medicines, and food preservation; such instruction was once given mainly in the home and from a practical rather than a scientific standpoint. In the United States the teaching of cooking and sewing in the public schools was coincident with manual training for boys, beginning in the 1880s. State institutions, notably in Iowa, Kansas, and Illinois, pioneered in introducing home economics courses on the college level in the 1870s. In 1914, the Smith-Lever Act made federal funds available for extension work in home economics and agriculture, in cooperation with the states; through this provision, supplemented by later acts, home demonstration work is carried on in many rural localities. The Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 instituted secondary school vocational education in home economics and other fields. Home economics, once taught only to women, is now taught to both men and women; in the United States home economics courses are taught mainly at the secondary school level, more commonly in rural than in urban areas. The International Federation of Home Economics, an organization devoted to the teaching of home economics on a worldwide basis, has members in over 60 countries.

Bibliography

See S. Schuler and E. M. Schuler, The Householders' Encyclopedia (1973); M. B. Tate, Home Economics As a Profession (2d ed. 1973).

home economics

the study of diet, budgeting, child care, textiles, and other subjects concerned with running a home
References in periodicals archive ?
As a consultant home economist, I undertake research projects for industry which provides further income for the university.
And to help get this message across, the company has invested in home economists to discuss the technical possibilities with clients and create new products.
I'VE worked with Gary Rhodes, Ainsley Harriott and even doubled as Jamie Oliver's wife for a television advert,'' says freelance home economist Jo Pratt.
Although Marlene Brown Oliphant, a home economist and food consultant, has prepared and styled hundreds of turkeys for food photography over the last two decades, it's only recently that she began preparing the big bird for Thanksgiving feasting - and cooking the traditional meal herself.
Through April 30, Eureka is here to help men clean up their act, with a special hotline (877-YES-WE-CLEAN) that they can call to speak one-on-one with a cleaning expert and home economist who can dish advice on what a girl wants -- a clean home and some help.
Before entering the supermarket business, Joanne was a consumer reporter for WTEN-TV in Albany and a Home Economist for Cornell Cooperative Extension.
PITTSBURGH -- PITTSBURGH, March 4 /PRNewswire/ -- Duquesne Light announced today the return of Pittsburgh's legendary "Utility Hall" home economist, Jane Cricks, to this year's Pittsburgh Home & Garden Show, sponsored by the local electric utility company.
The first event, themed "Gourmet Leftovers," featured noted Manhattan chef Ann Rosenzweig and Tupperware Home Economist Donna Liotto.
She is accredited in public relations and is a certified home economist.
Marjorie Cubisino, home economist at the institute, said the range offers consumers a solution to cooking two dishes at two temperatures "without compromising the quality of the food.
In the space of a brief chat with developer Ben Gostelow, renowned home economist Wendy Johnston had rustled up a fish pie, sausage rolls and a pizza.
Wendy Veale, author of `Cooking with Chesswood Mushrooms' and other titles such as `Le Creuset Fondue Cookbook', `Step-by-Step Garnishing' and `Lebanese Cooking', has over 20 years experience in the food industry as a freelance home economist, food writer and stylist.

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