home schooling


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home schooling,

the practice of teaching children in the home as an alternative to attending public or private elementary or high school. In most cases, one or both of the children's parents serve as the teachers. Like the charter schoolcharter school,
alternative type of American public school that, while paid for by taxes, is independent of the public-school system and relatively free from state and local regulations.
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 movement, home schooling usually arises from religious or other disenchantment with conventional public schools. Home schooling may also include full-time education at hiome by hired tutors.

Although home schooling had been practiced for generations in the United States, it was largely illegal during most of the 20th cent., but since the 1970s it has become one of the most rapidly growing educational trends in the nation. The contemporary movement initially arose mainly among Protestant conservatives who wished to provide their children with religious and moral instruction forbidden in public settings. By the mid-1980s there were roughly 50,000 home-schooled children in the United States, and by 2000 an estimated 1.5 million were being educated at home. The movement has largely been an American phenomenon. In Europe, home schooling is usually illegal or tightly restricted. The largest European home education community is in Great Britain, where by 2000 approximately 10,000 children were being home-schooled. At the beginning of the 21st cent. a majority of the parents engaged in home schooling continued to be motivated by religious beliefs. The home school movement has, however, always had other components, and it encompasses a broad cross-section of Americans, both religious (in a wide variety of faiths) and secular.

During the late 20th cent. the fastest-growing approach to home schooling was generally called "unschooling." In this system, which arose largely from educator John Holt's books How Children Fail (1964) and How Children Learn (1967), teaching responds to an individual child's talents and interests rather than adhering to a conventional curriculum. Whatever their manner of practice, proponents of home schooling cite figures showing that children who learn at home generally score higher on standardized tests than their traditionally schooled contemporaries. Some critics nonetheless question the real quality of such education, and also argue that it isolates children, depriving them of necessary social interactions and inhibiting collaborative and cooperative skills.

In the United States, home schooling has been legal in all 50 states since 1993, with regulatory laws and performance-tracking procedures differing widely from state to state. Some home school opponents feel that many state laws are too lenient, permitting teaching by parents who are inept or inattentive. The Home School Legal Defense Association, founded in 1983, provides information to parents and others on home schooling and its regulations; it also actively opposes the creation of nationalized standards for home schooling. Most states also have a number of local home schooling organizations. Publishers, responding what is now a mainstream movement, are producing a variety of materials geared toward home schoolers, and most colleges and universities now have developed criteria whereby they can admit the home-schooled.

Bibliography

See study by M. L. Stevens (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
She was taken to the local jail, where she served a ten-day prison sentence for violating the law against home schooling, a law that dates from Nazi Germany.
In 1986, a Phi Delta Kappa-Gallup poll found only 16% of Americans believed home schooling to be a "good thing" (Lines 1996).
Along with steady growth in home schooling has come a spirited debate and lobbying war over how much oversight such education requires.
Uwe and Hannelore Romeike say home schooling is a Christian obligation and had requested asylum, as home schooling is illegal in Germany.
This assists with providing parents with the insight that they need to decide if home schooling is right for their children's needs and to gain an ally in the process.
The Khan children previously attended the mainstream education, but shifted four years ago to home schooling after their parents were left unsatisfied with the quality of education they were receiving from the schools in Abu Dhabi.
The committee says that councils could be given the right to refuse registration on safeguarding grounds, meaning parents could effectively be banned from home schooling their child if there are fears about the youngster's safety or the quality of their education.
I read Milton Gaither's fine piece on home schooling ("Home Schooling Goes Mainstream " features, Winter 2009) as I was preparing for an evening meeting of the board of directors of the South Carolina Association of Independent Home Schools (SCAIHS).
Balou's parents took their son into home schooling in early October because of poor grades that would have made him ineligible, and believed if he was able to bring his grades back up during home schooling, he could be eligible for the spring sports season.
19 /PRNewswire/ -- Mimi Rothschild, founder of a leading Christian-based home schooling program, has announced preparations for anticipated growth during the next 12 to 18 months.
Byline: Home schooling has increased in popularity and admissions in the capital over the last few years, Gulf News has learned.