homodimer


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Related to homodimer: Heterodimer

homodimer

[‚hō·mō′dī·mər]
(biochemistry)
A protein made of paired identical polypeptides.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bowness, "Cutting edge: HLA-B27 can form a novel [beta]2-micro globulin-free heavy chain homodimer structure," Journal of Immunology, vol.
As reported previously, peripheral DP T cells exhibit several characteristics, including a [CD1b.sup.-][CD4.sup.+][CD8.sup.low] phenotype, expression of CD8aa homodimers, a resting memory phenotype, and share the same T cell receptor (TCR) V[beta] with CD4 SP T cells [14, 15].
Following incubation with the reagents cells must be washed to reduce the possibility of background fluorescence from unspecific extracellular binding of ethidium homodimer or hydrolysis in aqueous solution of AM calcein.
HINT1 consists of a homodimer, each subunit of which contains two [alpha]-helices and three [beta]-sheets.
(1) The c molecules that penetrate the cell membrane form homodimers cc on the membrane.
The second revised phytase, the 3-phytase B (PDB ID: 1QFX), initially corresponds to a homodimer (Chains A and B) which, thanks to its crystallographic symmetry, generates a homotetramer from two dimers.
For example, if the same GPCRs bind together, they form a homodimer, whereas if different receptors bind together, they form a heterodimer [58].
Later on, it is converted into the pre-prohormone and this forms the homodimers. The homodimer, or the mature hormone, then undergoes glycosylation and produces two identical 70-kDa monomer subunits.
Pyridoxine 5-phosphate oxidase is an enzyme, homodimer, that the disulfide bonds connect the two monomers.
[VEGF.sub.165] is a 38 kDa disulphide-linked homodimer protein, and a potent and specific endothelial cell mitogen involved in the induction of angiogenesis, that is the growth of new blood vessels u.
The VEGF is a homodimer that comprises 2 polypeptide chains with a molecular mass of approximately 45 kDa (Ferrara and Henzel, 1989; Gospodarowicz et al., 1989).
The active form of IL6 is a homodimer where IL6 does its function by a receptor that consists of a cytokines-binding protein and a signal-transducing compound.