homolytic cleavage


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.
Related to homolytic cleavage: heterolytic cleavage

homolytic cleavage

[¦häm·ə‚lid·ik ′klēv·ij]
(organic chemistry)
The breaking of a single (two-electron) bond in which one electron remains on each of the atoms. Also known as free-radical reaction; homolysis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, long-chain radicals were generated because of homolytic cleavage, as shown in the case of polymer solutions (11).
* The peroxide undergoes homolytic cleavage to form two alkoxy radicals.
The rate determining step in this three step reaction is always the homolytic cleavage of the peroxide molecule.
The first step in the crosslinking reaction is the homolytic cleavage of a peroxide molecule to form two radicals (figure 4).
* Homolytic cleavage (free-radical mechanism) is the breakage of a single bond (two electrons) leaving one of the electrons on each of the fragments.