homopolysaccharide

homopolysaccharide

[¦hä·mō‚päl·ē′sak·ə‚rīd]
(biochemistry)
A polysaccharide which is a polymer of one kind of monosaccharide.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Cellulose is a linear homopolysaccharide of [beta]-1.4-linked anhydro-D-glucose units with a degree of polymerization of approximately 10 000 for cellulose chains in nature and 15 000 for native cellulose cotton (Habibi, Lucia, & Rojas, 2010; Siqueira, Bras, & Dufresne, 2010).
Starch is one of the most abundant homopolysaccharide on our planet and is a polymer of [alpha]-D glucose residues (Kujawski et al., 2002).
It is a linear homopolysaccharide composed of [alpha]-1,6 and [alpha]-1,4 maltotriose units.
Another polysaccharide from bacteria as cellulose, it is a homopolysaccharide with only glucose in the molecule.
The same presents a neutral homopolysaccharide structure, formed by chains of interlinked monosaccharide (glucose), composed by two fractions: amylose and amylopectin.
It is a linear unbranched homopolysaccharide consisting of glucose subunits joined together by AY 1-4 glycosidic linkages and its molecules (polymer) vary widely in length and are usually arranged in bundles or fibrils (Haruta et al.
Lentinan is a high molecular weight (about one million) homopolysaccharide in a triple helix structure, with linear chains consisting of (1 [right arrow] 3)-[beta]-D-glucopyranosyl (Glcp) residues with two -linked Glcp branchings for every five [beta]-(1[right arrow] 3)-Glep residues (Aoki, 1984).
Dextran is a homopolysaccharide (HoPS) consisting of Dglucose units linked by [alpha] (1 [right arrow] 6) glycosidic bonds in more than 50% of the main chain and generally branched with [alpha] (1 [right arrow] 2), [alpha] (1 [right arrow] 3), or [alpha] (1 [right arrow] 4) glycosidic linkages [1, 2].
Dextran is a homopolysaccharide composed of a-glucans and produced by the Leuconostoc, Streptococcus, and Lactobacillus genera [10, 18].
Among this, [??]-Glucan, a homopolysaccharide of glucose bonded via [??]-(1,3 or 1,4 or 1,6)-D-glycosidic linkage is widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries due to its high anticancer and immunomodulatory effects (1).
There are mainly two types of polysaccharides: (i) homopolysaccharides, one type of monomer unit; (ii) heteropolysaccharides, two or more types of monomer unit [2].
[53], such polymeric substance predominantly composed of (40-95%) polysaccharide either homopolysaccharides or heteropolysaccharides which often contain functional groups, such as acetyl, pyruvyl, sulfonate, and succinyl.