On Crane, eastern pipistrelles are lepidopterans, coleopterans, dipterans, and homopterans
; Asiatic oak weevils were 8.4% of the diet (Brack and Whitaker 2004).
Volumetrically, coleopterans were the most important item (42.4%) followed by lepidoptera larvae (26.8%) and homopterans
Almost 50% of female eastern pipistrelles' diet consisted of Homopterans
, whereas Homopterans
comprised only 18.2% of the males' diet (Table II, Fig.
In the homopteran
insects that live on roots in the lava tubes on Hawaii, sexual acoustic signals have been identified that are transmitted through the substrate and are different in each species.
In contrast, frogs captured coleopterans relatively under their observed environmental abundance (Z = -3.137, p<0.001), while homopterans
were foraged almost proportionally to their observed environmental availability (Z = 0.873, p = 0.383) (Table 1).
My numerous observations of orthopterans and homopterans
jumping for several minutes with a spider on their backs before they became paralyzed, support this assumption.
Indiana myotis normally feed on dipterans, homopterans
, small beetles, and moths (Brack & Laval 1985; Kurta & Whitaker 1998; Murray & Kurta 2002), whereas evening bats feed heavily on beetles, hemipterans, and moths (Brack 1985; Whitaker & Clem 1992).
were less common, accounting for only 9.5% of the prey items and being present in only 20.8% of the lizards.
In these interactions, ants collect the carbohydrate-rich excretions (honeydew) of homopterans
benefit from ant tending because ants attack and remove predators from their host plants (reviewed in Way 1963, Buckley 1987).
were also represented in both samples and eriophyoid mites in l sample (Sanchez-Monge 2010).
We retain the taxon Homoptera (Triplehorn and Johnson, 2005) to facilitate comparison with previous studies of bat feeding habits and to differentiate homopterans
from true bugs (Hemiptera).
Strategies on gall induction by two groups of homopterans