honeysuckle


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honeysuckle,

common name for some members of the Caprifoliaceae, a family comprised mostly of vines and shrubs of the Northern Hemisphere, especially abundant in E Asia and E North America. The family includes the elders, viburnums, weigelas, and snowberries as well as the honeysuckles; many are hardy plants that are sometimes cultivated as ornamentals. One of the best-known North American species of the true honeysuckles (genus Lonicera) is the trumpet honeysuckle (L. sempervirens), an evergreen plant with fragrant, trumpet-shaped scarlet blossoms. The Japanese honeysuckle (L. japonica), with small white to yellow flowers, is naturalized in the United States and has become a ubiquitous and noxious weed, strangling the living plants on which it climbs. Woodbine, a name for several European vines, is most often L. periclymenum, also called eglantine. Bush honeysuckles are of the genus Diervilla. Some plants of other families are also called honeysuckle, e.g., the swamp and purple honeysuckles of the heathheath,
in botany, common name for some members of the Ericaceae, a family of chiefly evergreen shrubs with berry or capsule fruits. Plants of the heath family form the characteristic vegetation of many regions with acid soils, particularly the moors, swamps, and mountain slopes
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 family. Sambucus (elder or elderberry) and Viburnum are shrubs and trees usually having showy flat-topped clusters of white flowers. The fruits of some species are edible, e.g., those of the common North American elder (S. canadensis), used in preserves, pies, and wine. The European elder (S. nigra) and the "Spirit of the Elder" have figured prominently in folklore of N Europe. Among the better known viburnums (also having edible berries) are the black haw, or stagbush (V. prunifolium), of E North America; the straggling-branched hobblebush, or wayfaring tree (V. alnifolium in America, V. lantana in the Old World); and the high-bush cranberry, or cranberry tree (V. opulus; the American plants are sometimes designated as V. trilobum). The snowball, or guelder-rose, is a cultivated variety of the cranberry tree in which the rounded blossom–clusters are composed of large sterile flowers. Arrowwood (V. dentatum and similar species) was formerly used for making arrows. The waxy-fruited snowberries are species of the genus Symphoricarpos. Weigela (or weigelia), shrubs of the E Asian genus Weigela, are sometimes cultivated elsewhere for their funnel-shaped blossoms. Twinflower (Linnaea borealis), unusual for this family in that it is herbaceous, was the favorite flower of Linnaeus. Honeysuckle is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Dipsacales, family Caprifoliaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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honeysuckle

honeysuckle

Be careful, some are poisonous, some are not and it’s hard to tell them apart. There are almost 200 varieties, it would take a whole book to discuss the differences. A vine that stays green all year. Upturned white flowers that turn yellow. NOTE: Some varieties have berries that are highly poisonous - Do not eat them! Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica), is one of the edible variety. Extremely fragrant edible 2-lipped white/yellow flowers that are a bit purple or pink when young. Simple-shaped opposite leaves. Grows as a vine/bush. Fruit is blue/black berry-like with 3-5 stones. Leaves, stems, flowers edible. Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, reduces blood pressure, rheumatoid arthritis, hepatitis, upper respiratory infections, pneumonia, tumors, skin diseases, rashes, cholesterol, viruses. Even used for tuberculosis. Compounds so strong, they are toxic to fish and some animals. Plant grows aggressively and can take over an entire building if left alone. Be sure you know which type you are dealing with before consuming.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Honeysuckle

 

(Lonicera), a genus of shrubs (sometimes climbers) of the family of Caprifoliaceae. The leaves are opposite, simple, and either deciduous or evergreen. The flowers may be white, yellow, pink, or red, and are arranged in pairs or whorls; sometimes they are gathered in capitate or spicate inflorescences. The corolla is five-lobed, bilabiate, and tubular. The fruits are juicy berries, growing separately or in pairs and somewhat fused. Honeysuckle grows in underbrush, requires considerable sunlight, and is used in landscaping. The wood is used for making small objects. There are over 200 species, growing chiefly in the northern hemisphere; in the southern hemisphere honeysuckle may be found in the Andes. In the USSR there are 51 species, growing in the Caucasus, Middle Asia, Siberia, and the Far East. The most important species are the fly honeysuckle (L. xylosteum)\ the Tatar honeysuckle (L. tatarica) with bare grayish leaves, growing from the Volga to the Enisei; the blue honeysuckle (L. coemlea) found in the Carpathians; and the edible honeysuckle (L. edulis), with tart black berries, growing in the Far East and in eastern Siberia. The Caucasian honeysuckle (L. caucasica) and the perfoliate honeysuckle (L. caprifolium) grow in the Caucasus.

T. G. LEONOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

honeysuckle

symbol of affection. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
See: Love
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

honeysuckle

1. any temperate caprifoliaceous shrub or vine of the genus Lonicera: cultivated for their fragrant white, yellow, or pink tubular flowers
2. any of several similar plants
3. any of various Australian trees or shrubs of the genus Banksia, having flowers in dense spikes: family Proteaceae
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It should include information on whether the honeysuckle species is deciduous or evergreen, and what colour the flowers will be.
Honeysuckle is available in climbing varieties and deciduous and evergreen shrubs, so check what suits the position best.
Honeysuckle has been given a rating of 135, the same mark as dual listed winner ROBIN DE CARLOW, representing Willie Mullins and Ruby Walsh and comes into the race after a below par effort when a well-beaten fifth of six behind Derrinross in a threemile Grade 3 in Cork.
The study concluded silver vine and Tatarian honeysuckle are good choices for cats not into catnip.
Noting this, land managers deliberately planted berry-makers like autumn olive and bush honeysuckle, thinking these plants were 'good for the birds.' Unfortunately, this conclusion is incorrect.
You can buy this fragrant winter-flowering honeysuckle for just PS9.99 each - or order four for half price, at PS19.98.
The Honeysuckle White brand rolled out the new traceable turkey program in select markets before the peak turkey holiday of Thanksgiving.
Honeysuckle is 10 seconds' walk away from the local butcher and barely 30 seconds walk from the Helmsley Brewing Company, a microbrewery with bar at 18 Bridge Street complete with PS3-a-pint taps of golden goodness.
Amur honeysuckle (Lonicera mackii) is a shrub originally introduced to North America from northeastern Asia in 1896 (Luken and Theriet, 1996).
reporters@dailyrecord.co.uk FOYLE'S War actress Honeysuckle Weeks was in the care of police last night after going missing from a hospital on Thursday.
The above results provide theoretical basis for the screening, innovation, standardization, and harvest of honeysuckle germplasm.