hoopoe


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hoopoe

(ho͞o`po͞o, –pō), common name for a shy, solitary, Old World woodland bird, Upupa epops. Its body color ranges from cinnamon to chestnut, with white-barred, black wings and tail, and a head topped by a prominent, erectile crest. Hoopoes measure from 10 1-2 to 12 in. (27–30 cm) bill to tail. They are primarily ground feeders and use their long, slender, decurved bills to probe for large insects, worms, and lizards. Less frequently, the hoopoe feeds while airborne, exhibiting its characteristic undulating erratic flight. Hoopoes are excellent runners. Found throughout the Old World, hoopoes frequent warm, dry areas, which are at least partially open. The northernmost members of the species, which reach the English Channel and the Baltic Sea, are migratory in winter. The nest is built in a tree cavity or a rock crevice, sometimes lined with debris, or sometimes bare. The female lays and incubates from four to six pale blue to olive colored eggs per clutch and is fed during incubation by her mate. Both sexes care for the naked, helpless young. In addition to its beautiful plumage, the hoopoe is also noted for its filthy, malodorous nest. The bad odor comes from a combination of putrefying excrement, which the bird does not trouble to remove, and from defensive musty-smelling secretions released from the preen gland of the female when she is disturbed. Woodhoopoes belong to the same family as the hoopoe. They are uncrested and are more gregarious than the hoopoe. Found only in the forests of Africa, woodhoopoes are metallic greens, blues, and purples in color, and travel in small, noisy groups. They share the same foul nesting habits as the hoopoes. Hoopoes and woodhoopoes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Bucerotiformes (or, according to some authorties, Coraciiformes), families Upupidae and Phoeniculidae, respectively.
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hoopoe

filthy bird; lines nest with dung. [Medieval Animal Symbolism: White, 150]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

hoopoe

an Old World bird, Upupa epops, having a pinkish-brown plumage with black-and-white wings and an erectile crest: family Upupidae, order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
This superb picture of the Dalton Park hoopoe was taken by Brian Martin.
Now they are looking for suitable places."The hoopoe is coming back because there's enough food here it enjoys most the larvae it picks directly from the excrement of grazing animals," said Froncovaacute, showing excrement with paths created by larvae.
Hemingway also mentions hoopoes at the beginning of "A Natural History of the Dead."
In the current study, we examined the diet composition and food of hoopoe parents delivered to their nestlings, in a vineyard habitat of Lower Austria (for details see methods section).
The hoopoe is not the only migrant causing a flap in our patch.
squirrels, martens, weasels and moles, crocodiles and alligators; predatory birds with sharp claws such as hawks, falcons, eagles, vultures, ravens, crows, kites, owls; pests and venomous animals such as rats, centipedes, scorpions, snakes, wasps, mouse and other similar animals; animals that are considered repulsive like lizards, snails, insects and their larva and other similar animals; animals forbidden to be killed in Islam such as honeybees and hoopoe; donkeys and mules; any ingredient derived from non-halal animals; and farmed Halal animals intentionally and continually fed with non-Halal food.
Geoff explained: "The idea came to me in 2005 when a bird called a hoopoe was sighted nearby, miles away from where it usually is seen in southern Spain.
Pick up a guide book or hire a local guide and keep your eyes peeled for black vultures, ospreys, falcons, hoopoe and the Balearic warbler.
As the tiny finch sits trembling with fear, the wise hoopoe says:
Hudhud derives its name from the Hoopoe bird, a colourful bird found across Afro-Eurasia.
Ducks wearing red masks were everywhere, together with water hens, but my favourites were the hoopoe with their thin, tapering bills and distinctive crown of feathers.
A striking hoopoe is one of the species adorning the cover of the birds' foldout, resting on a Pharaonic depiction of the hoopoe, as familiar in ancient Egypt as it is today.