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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
In the spring of 1972, Harry Ford, who was then an editor at Atheneum and who had just accepted my first novel, sent me a copy of Nadezhda Mandelstam's memoir, Hope Against Hope. Atheneum had published the Mandelstam book in 1970, and Harry, one of those heroes now commonly referred to as the "great old-style editors," was particularly proud of it.
It is time for Germany's leaders to be serious and discipline themselves, to stop talking and moaning about their predicament, to stop making convenient patchwork solutions to sustain themselves in office or position themselves for the next election, to stop feigning ignorance of the severe consequences of maintaining the status quo, to hope against hope that exogenous forces (like last year's floods in the East) somehow will miraculously bail them out.
Both critics were writing about Nadezhda Mandelstam's Hope Against Hope, published in 1970, but recounting the central years of the life of her husband, Osip Mandelstam, the famous Imagist poet (called Acmeist in Russia) whom she followed into internal exile for several years until his execution by Stalin in 1938.
Rules abounds with apt guest shots: Cheryl Crow on the quixotic "Beautiful Pain," Steve Earle on the ironic "I'll Change for You," and Teddy Thompson, another poised inheritor, on "Three Steps Down," Not to put too fine a point on it, Jakob Dylan's, yet another inheritor, "Hope Against Hope" soars effortlessly.
Jeremiah's advice will place us inside eucharistically created blessed space, the space of grace of the one who trusted in God "hope against hope." It is sound eschatology, since it expresses the spirit of "Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven."
His mother, Sheila, said all that was left for her, Mark's partner and two children to do, was to wait and 'hope against hope' he would be cleared and released from prison.
Here Aubert confesses to "the loneliness" most often hidden behind smiles and pleasantries, the hope against hope of one who searches, yet believes: