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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
Ninety percent from Class ABC were hopeful for 2019.
"We are hopeful that President Barack Obama's tough talking to Nawaz Sharif will have impact on the ground.
"I am hopeful that the discussions that Secretary Kerry has with Foreign Minister Lavrov, as well as some of the other players in this, can yield a concrete result," Obama told reporters at the beginning of a meeting with members of his Cabinet at the White House.
Summary: X Factor hopefuls sang before their auditions at the ExCel London and spoke about their hopes for the competition.
Meanwhile, at Godolphin's Marmoom desert stables, Al Zarouni was putting the finishing touches to his UAE Derby hopeful Now Spun who worked over five furlongs.
It's really hard to be successful without being hopeful. When you think that the future will be better than the present, you start working harder today -- and you're much more likely to be engaged in your work.
OLYMPIC weightlifting hopefuls Darius Jokardersh and Natasha Perdue remain on track for London 2012 after recording personal bests at the Welsh Championships in Holyhead.
Many presidential hopefuls were very upset at not being able to start campaigning straightaway, as it is important for them to introduce themselves to the public.
CAIRO: Three masked assailants attacked outspoken presidential hopeful Abdel Moneim Abol Fotoh and his driver late Thursday on the Ring Road, his campaign team said on Friday.
Assistant manager Marco Tardelli said: "We are hopeful he will recover.
I think the blinkers will be a help so I'm hopeful of a big run."
Global Banking News-October 4, 2010--Erste hopeful of credit growth in Eastern Europe(C)2010 ENPublishing - http://www.enpublishing.co.uk