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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
"I'm not happy that Daniel has got injured, but I've got to step up to the plate if I get called and hopefully do well for the team.
Henry Daly, trainer of Pickamus "Hopefully, he will be suited by the drop back to two miles, where they go half a stride faster and he won't be so keen as he was at Stratford."
The boys who were with Wales when he was there have said how good he was, so hopefully it will go well for us."
It's just the start and hopefully we can do this every year try to do this every year."
'Hopefully we can come away with a win, it'd be nice to beat Taipei on their home because Australia will be an adventure and that's a tough one,' added Compton.
I was really fearing a truly toxic atmosphere at Goodison for the Norwich game but hopefully that will have eased now.
McDaid said: "Last year we lost late goals and that killed us - we were lucky Saints didn't score late on here so hopefully that's the start of our luck turning.
"Hopefully we can continue it for the rest of the season.
Edwards said: "Hopefully. I work hard off the pitch and treat my body right.
He said: "Hopefully he is involved in the next dozen games, hopefully he hits the ground running, hopefully he excites the supporters and hopefully he will help us win games and that's the important thing.
"It is always nice to get the first goal off your back and hopefully I can get some more.
It's a great fillip for me to have towards the end of my career - but hopefully not the end.