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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
"I'm not wearing red today, but I think there is in this country a hopefulness that we've not seen for some time," he said.
Psychiatric symptom severity, hopefulness, and quality of life were measured using validated self-report assessment tools during interviews conducted by blinded researchers.
Not even that early blow will dent the hopefulness that flows through my veins for their are plenty of other races ahead.
Wales has such a rich cultural heritage and such a beautiful language, so I want this show to communicate not only the burning pain of loss, but also the hopefulness of reigniting a country's future".
"A hopefulness that someone on the plane may actually take action in a passive way by keeping their seatbelt undone and explaining why or standing up on the plane and saying why," she said.
Hopefulness and confidence about the future or the success of something, "the talks had been amicable and there were grounds for optimism".
His anti-ISIS policies will be observed with hopefulness, but with a healthy dose of caution also.
The song's an intoxicating mix of outrage and hopefulness, all set to an hard-grinding dance beat
These are based on a person's perception of happiness, satisfaction, optimism, hopefulness, openness to new experiences, social acceptance and sense of community as a whole.
The news dejected shares in T-Mobile and Sprint Corp - which have been gathering in current weeks on hopefulness about probable consolidation - and to a smaller size market leader Verizon Communications.
It is shadowed throughout by a dark realism that is tempered by Grace's innocent hopefulness as she ties all of the stories together through her boundless curiosity and amazement.
Let her grant his dearest wish, set tinder to the kindling of his desire and watch the whole man burn, heretic and martyr, heaping the fuel of hopefulness on his own pyre.