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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.
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See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
Speaking to ANI, Devnedra Singh said: "While trying to save himself, the cop became hopeless and fired at himself in haste.
An individual who feels hopeless may often have no expectation of future improvement or success.
In April, Branch sat down for an interview with (http://www.elle.com/culture/music/a44009/what-happened-to-michelle-branch/) Elle and said that she has gained more control over her music in "Hopeless Romantic" compared to the songs she released 14 years ago.
Hopeless Romantic is an incredible, vibrant, timely romance that puts the emphasis on the T in LGBTQ.
The judge said she had the power to order a judicial review claimant to pay Home Office legal bills if a claim had been hopeless or an abuse of the judicial review process.
Organiser Stephanie Baine said: "Grow Wild is all about bringing people together to brighten up forgotten spaces and that is precisely what is happening here - which shows the New Lodge is definitely not a hopeless place."
THE boss of John Lewis put out a grovelling apology yesterday for branding France "hopeless" and "squalid".
"I am hopeless at DIY, hopeless at losing things, hopeless at just about everything" Writer and entertainer David Baddiel.
It slowly stripped me of all hope - I was a nothing, a nobody, a completely broken battered hopeless man, I felt like a hopeless father and a hopeless partner.
Masculinities and Other Hopeless Causes at an All-Boys Catholic School
What a difference in Scotland where a confident Alex Salmond is leading his nation away from the grip of the three hopeless Tory unionist party leaders in London.