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city (1990 pop. 9,643), seat of Hempstead co., SW Ark. Hope is a commercial center and a distribution point for an agricultural region. Its industries include food processing, printing, and the making of machinery and apparel. The city was the boyhood home of President Bill Clinton.


See also Optimism.
Hopelessness (See DESPAIR.)
emblem of optimism; steadfastly secured the soul in adversity. [N.T.: Hebrews, 6:18–19]
traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
Emigrants, The
shows Norwegians in Dakota wheatlands striving for better life. [Nor. Lit.: The Emigrants, Magill I, 244–246]
flowering almond
symbol of spring; blooms in winter. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 71]
Great Pumpkin, the
awaited each Halloween by Linus. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Home, 542]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 174; Kunz, 328]
Iceman Cometh, The
“The lie of the pipe dream is what gives life.” [Am. Lit.: The Iceman Cometh]
Of Mice and Men
portrays a philosophy that humans are made of hopes and dreams. [Am. Lit.: Of Mice and Men]
God’s assurance He would not send another great flood. [O.T.: Genesis, 9:12–16]
symbol of optimism. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177; Kunz, 326]


1. Anthony, real name Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins. 1863--1933, English novelist; author of The Prisoner of Zenda (1894)
2. Bob, real name Leslie Townes Hope. 1903--2003, US comedian and comic actor, born in England. His films include The Cat and the Canary (1939), Road to Morocco (1942), and The Paleface (1947). He was awarded an honorary knighthood in 1998
3. David (Michael). born 1940, British churchman, Archbishop of York from 1995


A functional programming language designed by R.M. Burstall, D.B. MacQueen and D.T. Sanella at University of Edinburgh in 1978. It is a large language supporting user-defined prefix, infix or distfix operators. Hope has polymorphic typing and allows overloading of operators which requires explicit type declarations. Hope has lazy lists and was the first language to use call-by-pattern.

It has been ported to Unix, Macintosh, and IBM PC.

See also Hope+, Hope+C, Massey Hope, Concurrent Massey Hope.


[R.M.Burstall, D.B.MacQueen, D.T.Sanella, "HOPE: An experimental applicative language", Proc. 1980 Lisp conf., Stanford, CA, p.136-143, Aug 1980].

["A HOPE Tutorial", R. Bailey, BYTE Aug 1985, pp.235-258].

["Functional Programming with Hope", R. Bailey, Ellis Horwood 1990].
References in periodicals archive ?
Forms of Self-Expression Feelings or Emotions Experienced Happiness Sadness Afraid Anger Hopelessness Songwriting Poetry Journaling Writing Short Stories Text Messaging Blogging Social Media
However, although, to our knowledge, the role of positive life events in the course of depression is underresearched, and research on the recovery model is limited, researchers have found that positive life events, such as eating nutritious meals, taking a walk, and being in agreement with someone, are negatively correlated with hopelessness depression.
Recently, Marco, Garcia-Alandete, Perez, & Botella (2014) found that meaning in life mediated the relationship between depression and hopelessness in borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients, and that meaning in life was related to the psychopathology of BPD (Marco, Perez, Garcia-Alandete, & Moliner, 2017).
Keywords: career counseling, depression, dysfunctional career thinking, hopelessness
Suicide attempt in past, and by family members, and hopelessness emerged as significant contributing factors of suicidal ideation among females.
Marrying occasionally harsh, always powerful and sometimes joyous electronica with Anohni's still astonishing voice, Hopelessness is modern soul in a way so much modern r&b just isn't.
Suicidal intent has been closely associated with hopelessness (Beck et al.
Logistic regression analyses retained depression, hopelessness, and advanced age as the main risk factors for high suicidal ideation.
In this study, using a sample of young adults from Mainland China, we aimed to examine whether recently experiencing potentially traumatic events was directly related to psychological distress, particularly hopelessness and depressive symptoms, and/or indirectly related through perceived levels of satisfaction with academic performance and two different types of shame (i.
It goes on to accuse Glasgow voters of not taking part in politics by voting Labour: "Passivity means that we can vote as we've always done, as our grandparents did, and sit back in hopelessness and despair, lost among the drawn faces in Tollcross Park.
Laced with treachery and an undertone of hopelessness throughout, this is a real edge-of your-seat read.