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person held by another as a guarantee that certain actions or promises will or will not be carried out. During periods of internal turmoil, insurgents often seize hostages; recent examples include seizures of Americans and other foreigners by militants in Iran (1979–81) and Lebanon (1980s). Military forces often take hostages among civilians in an occupied country, in order to ensure the delivery of requisitions, to discourage hostile acts, or to take reprisals for hostile acts committed by unknown persons. In World War II, thousands of hostages were executed throughout Europe by the German authorities in an attempt to crush resistance movements. The Geneva Convention of 1949 forbade entirely the taking of civilian hostages. Criminals, especially when confronted by police, sometimes take hostages as "human shields" or as bargaining assets. In 1998 it was revealed that Israel was holding Lebanese hostages solely for use in prisoner exchanges or other deals with Lebanese guerrillas; their detainment was condoned by Israel's supreme court.

Ancient military custom regulated the behavior and treatment of hostages; originally a hostage was a person who had been delivered by one authority to another as a token of good faith, and was generally treated as an honored guest. However, he might be imprisoned or even executed if the agreement guaranteed by his person was broken. The code of honor was often very strictly observed in feudal times; thus, during the Hundred Years War, when the hostages sent to England in exchange for the release of John IIJohn II
(John the Good), 1319–64, king of France (1350–64), son and successor of King Philip VI. An inept ruler, he began his reign by executing the constable of France (whose office he gave to his favorite, Charles de La Cerda) and by appointing dishonest and
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 of France escaped, King John felt bound to return to captivity in England. Until the 18th cent., hostages were often exchanged when treaties were concluded.


Dreaming about being a hostage suggests that you may experience feelings of victimization or entrapment. This can be indicative of a situation in daily life, such as an oppressive and unsatisfactory relationship or financial difficulties. The dream suggests that you may experience feelings of powerlessness and cannot see you way out of a difficult situation. Because a hostage is taken against his will, you may be feeling as though you have been trapped by another or by circumstances. Also, the hostage situation in your dream may represent a part of your personality that is not being expressed. It could be your creativity, intellect, or inner freedom. The purpose of this dream may be to make you more aware of the limiting conditions in your life. Additionally, the dream may trigger your imagination and problem-solving abilities enabling you to see new possibilities.
References in periodicals archive ?
In earlier statements, police said the man had entered the post office wearing a mask and taken 11 people hostage with the intention of robbing the place.
The police swung into action and the neighbours nerves were tested after a mentally-challenged person, identified as Abdul Rahim, took 22 members of the family of his in-laws hostage.
The gunmen did not fire on them while the wounded hostage was being rescued.
When an officer entered the ACU branch, he encountered hostages and Collins standing on a stairwell with a male hostage in front of him.
According to one account, the police decided to charge the hostage-taker when he sought to flee the area with a couple of the hostages as cover.
How he had kept his phone when he being held hostage by ISIL militants and how he was able to charge it are still unknown.
Summary: Doubts have been cast over claims that at least nine Lebanese servicemen being held hostage by ISIS militants were relocated to the group's stronghold in Syria, parties involved in the negotiations told The Daily Star.
Taken hostage at sea by Somali pirates on the 18April 2010, four crewmen of the FV Prantalay 12 vessel were finally released by their captors on 25 February and handed over to the Somali Regional Administration in Galmudug.
The second hostage-taking in France, at a kosher grocery in eastern Paris, has ended with the gunman dead and some hostages freed.
Man Haron Monis walked into the Lindt Chocolate Cafe in Sydney's central business district and took 17 people hostage.
The Sydney Siege hostage situation inside the Lindt Cafe is over after more than 16 hours, with two people reportedly killed and a few others were injured.
As a "repercussion" of the bloody 10-hour hostage-taking incident where both the hostage-taker and the hostage died, San Juan Chief of Police (CoP) Sr.