house martin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to house martin: sand martin

house martin

a Eurasian swallow, Delichon urbica, with a slightly forked tail and a white and bluish-black plumage
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

House Martin

 

(Delichon urbica), a bird of the family Hirundinidae, order Passeriformes. Body length, 15 cm; weight, about 20 g. The feathers are black with a blue gloss; the middle of the body has a wide white band; the underside of the body is white. The house martin is widely distributed in Europe, Asia (except the far north), and North Africa. The bird winters in Africa and Southeast Asia. It arrives in the temperate zone in May and leaves in September. It nests in colonies, building a nest from mud and attaching it to the outer walls of buildings under eaves, under bridges, in caves, and in other similar places. The nest is hemispherical with an entrance in the upper part. Both parents take part in building the nest. The clutch contains four to six, rarely three, eggs. Both parents sit on the eggs for 14–17 days. The house martin feeds on insects, which it catches in the air.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
SURROGATE MUM Solicitor Keith White who has hand-fed a house martin and will release it into the wild
In the past Mr White has cared for three rescued owls and garden birds, but this is the first house martin he has cared for.
THE Daily Post's reader survey of swallows and house martins is coming to an end, though it's not too late to add your records to the North Wales Breeding Bird Atlas.
House Martin nests fall from beneath the eaves, but if chicks survive the drop, a similar rescue technique can work if you can fix the container high on the wall.
The RSPB recommends an ice cream tub as the perfect alternative, with a few easy steps creating the perfect temporary house martin home: 1.
House martin, coal tit and great tit populations are doing particularly well in the region.
Badger baiting, house martin nest destruction, the shooting of birds and the illegal trade of elephant ivory are just some of the cases he has been involved with.
BirdTrack, the online collator of sightings, shows that UK records for both House Martin and Swift are behind the average.
WE'VE been delighted with readers' help recording swallow and house martin nests in North Wales, mapped on the Daily Post's farming website (http://tinyurl.com/5tnro5g) and added to the North Wales Breeding Bird Atlas.
I know the local team is known as the Bluebirds but the sand martin is an earthy brown bird, unlike its relatives the house martin and the swallow, both of which have dark blue upper-parts.