ginger, common name for members of the Zingiberaceae, a family of tropical and subtropical perennial herbs, chiefly of Indomalaysia. The aromatic oils of many are used in making condiments, perfumes, and medicines, especially stimulants and preparations to ease stomach distress.
True ginger (Zingiber officinale), cultivated since ancient times in many countries, no longer grows wild. Commercial ginger is made from the root, a rhizome, which is either preserved by candying or dried for medicines and spice. Studies have found some benefit from the use of ginger as an herbal medicine to treat nausea and vomiting, but other medicinal uses have not been as well substantiated by studies.
Other members of the ginger family also have uses as spices and in perfumery or traditional medicine; zedoary or white ginger (Curcuma zedoaria) and turmeric (C. longa) are grown for their rhizomes, and cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and black cardamom (Amomum species) for their seed pods and seeds. The last three are often combined with ginger and other spices to make various curries. Turmeric root yields a yellow dye, and a compound derived from it, curcumin, is used to promote bile secretion by the liver. C. angustifolia is an East Indian arrowroot.
Ginger is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Liliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Zingiberaceae.
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(looks like orange yellow ginger) powerful anti-cancer antiinflammatory antioxidant that reduces brain plaque, helps clean the blood and liver, helps rejuvenate tissues and increase energy. Curry is turmeric and mustard. India has one of the lowest cancer rates and they eat lots of curry. Put it on all your food. Turmeric has stronger antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties than milk thistle and has been shown in studies to block the formation of cancer through many mechanisms. Regular washing with turmeric reduces facial hair growth and wrinkles significantly. For burns, mix a teaspoon of turmeric with some aloe gel and apply to the burn. Also used for menstrual cramps. For a nagging cough, drink a spoonful of turmeric with water. For gum infections, apply a mixture of turmeric, sea salt and mustard oil 2-3x a day. Turmeric powder mixed with water is also known to help diarrhea by killing the organisms causing it.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
Curcuma longa. An East Indian perennial of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) with a short stem, tufted leaves, and short thick rhizomes; a spice with a pungent, bitter taste and a musky odor is derived from the rhizome.
An orange-red or reddish-brown dye obtained from the rhizome of turmeric.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. a tropical Asian zingiberaceous plant, Curcuma longa, having yellow flowers and an aromatic underground stem
2. any of several other plants with similar roots
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005