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Hue(hwā), city (1989 pop. 260,489), former capital of the historic region of AnnamAnnam
, historic region (c.58,000 sq mi/150,200 sq km) and former state, in central Vietnam, SE Asia. The capital was Hue. The region extended nearly 800 mi (1,290 km) along the South China Sea between Tonkin on the north and Cochin China on the south.
..... Click the link for more information. , Vietnam, in a rich farming area on the Hue River near the South China Sea. Probably founded in the 3d cent. A.D., Hue was occupied in turn by the Chams and the Annamese. After the 16th cent. it was the seat of a dynasty that extended its power over S Annam, modern Cochin China, and parts of Cambodia and Laos. The first king of Vietnam, Nguyen Anh, was crowned there in 1802, and shortly thereafter Hue became the capital of the new kingdom, emerging as an artistic and literary center. The French occupied the city in 1883. During World War II the Japanese mined iron ore in the area. In the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
..... Click the link for more information. , Hue was the scene of the longest and heaviest fighting of the Tet offensive (Jan.–Feb., 1968); some 4,000 civilians were killed and most of the city, including the palaces and tombs of the former Annamese kings, was destroyed. Much of the city has been rebuilt. Hue has an important airport and is the seat of the Univ. of Hue.
a city in Vietnam, near the coast of the South China Sea. Capital of ThuaThien Province. Population, 209,000 (1973). An important transportation junction, Hue is served by the Trans-Vietnam Railroad and a major highway. The city produces rice, lumber, textiles, and building materials.
In the third century B.C. the settlement of Nhatnam was founded on the site of modern Hue; it later became a district capital of the ancient Vietnamese state of Nam Viet. In the late eighth century the city that grew from Nhatnam became part of Champa; it was incorporated into the Vietnamese state in 1471. In the 16th century the Nguyen feudal dynasty made Hue, at that time called Fu Xuan (City of Spring), the capital of its domains. In 1786, during the Tay Son peasant uprising (1771–1802), the city fell into the hands of the rebels. In 1804 it became the capital of Vietnam and was renamed Hue, which means peace or concord. After a French protectorate was established over Vietnam in 1884, the city remained the residence of the Vietnamese (An-namese) emperors.
Hue was occupied by the Japanese militarists from 1940 to 1945. On Aug. 23, 1945, during the August Revolution of 1945 in Vietnam, power passed to the people. On Aug. 25, 1945, Bao Dai, the last Annamese emperor, abdicated. Hue was occupied by a French expeditionary corps in February 1947. Beginning in 1949 the city was ruled by a series of puppet regimes, first that of Bao Dai and later those installed by the Americans. The Union of National Democratic and Peace-Loving Forces, a local organization established in Hue in February 1968, supported the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam. Hue was liberated on Mar. 27, 1975, by the People’s Armed Forces for the Liberation of South Vietnam.
O. V. NOVIKOVA
The old section of Hue, which is surrounded by three concentric fortress walls that are rectangular in plan, was severely damaged by the American bombings of 1968. Notable examples of architecture include the Thai Hoa Palace (Palace of Perfect Harmony; 1805–33); the main fortress entrance, known as the Ngo Mon Gateway (1833), which has a two-tiered pavilion; and imperial tombs. The Thien Mu Pagoda (1601) is located near Hue.