human papillomavirus

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human papillomavirus

(HPV), any of a family of more than 100 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar wartswart,
circumscribed outgrowth of the skin caused by a filterable virus that is readily transmitted. Warts may appear anywhere on the skin but are most common on the hands.
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 and genital warts, a sexually transmitted diseasesexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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. Genital warts, sometimes called condylomata acuminata, are soft and often occur in clusters. They can occur internally or externally, but even in the absence of warts the virus may be present and transmittable. Problems can result from untreated warts, which can grow quite large, or, in rare cases, from infection of an infant during delivery. In addition, about a dozen strains of HPV are associated with cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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 of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, and anus, and HPV 16 has been shown to be associated with some forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (see AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
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) and throat cancer.

Transmission of HPV strains is often the result of sexual contact, but it can also occur as the result of any skin-to-skin contact involving the mouth or genitals. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur. Intralesional alpha interferon has been effective in the treatment of genital warts. A vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2006 can protect a woman against those strains that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts, and a study has shown it may also protect against related throat cancers. HPV vaccination is now recommended for both girls and boys beginning at 11 to 12 years of age.

human papillomavirus

[¦yü·mən ‚pap·ə′lō·mə ‚vī·rəs]
(medicine)
One of a family of more than 100 different viruses, most commonly spread via sexual contact, that cause warts on the hands and feet and in the genital area; several types are associated with premalignant and malignant changes in the cervix. Abbreviated HPV.
References in periodicals archive ?
In our study frequency of human papilloma virus (HPV) in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was 3.3%.
Alcohol consumption: No Family history: Spouse was diagnosed with human papilloma virus infection
Link between human papilloma virus (HPV) and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck was suggested in the past.
The most important risk factor in cervical cancer is being infected with human papilloma virus (HPV).
The human papilloma virus (HPV) is the name given to a family of viruses that affect the skin and the moist membranes (mucosa) that line the body.
Human papilloma virus transmission between sexual partners is well documented in cervical cancer, but not in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
OVER 90% of teenage girls in schools across Conwy and Denbighshire, have been vaccinated against the human papilloma virus that causes most types of cervical cancer.
A THE vaccine protects against the Human Papilloma Virus, a sexually transmitted infection that causes 99 per cent of cervical cancers.
DeVries regarding the value of the human papilloma virus vaccination, I respect many of the arguments he makes.
They will be vaccinated against the sexually transmitted infection, human papilloma virus.
It occurs when infection from the human papilloma virus (HPV) becomes persistent and progresses to cancer.
A big part of the job was to help contain the spread of sexually transmitted infections, including the two strains of human papilloma virus associated with about 70 percent of cervical cancers.

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