parvovirus

(redirected from human parvovirus B19)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

parvovirus

(pär'vōvī`rəs), any of several small DNA viruses that cause several diseases in animals, including humans. In humans, parvoviruses cause fifth disease, or erythema infectiosum, an acute disease usually affecting young children. Symptoms include a rash that spreads from the cheeks (hence the common name slap-cheek disease) to the extremities, low fever, fatigue, and, in adults, mild to severe joint pain and swelling. Treatment consists of bed rest, fluids, and acetaminophenacetaminophen
, an analgesic and fever-reducing medicine. It is an active ingredient in many over-the-counter medicines, including Tylenol and Midol. Introduced in the early 1900s, acetaminophen is a coal tar derivative that acts by interfering with the synthesis of
..... Click the link for more information.
 for the fever. Parvoviruses have also been associated with aplastic anemia, arthritis, and spontaneous abortion in humans.

Dogs, wolves, and coyotes can become infected with canine parvovirus. Puppies are most susceptible to the virus, which causes diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. There was an outbreak of canine parvovirus in the United States in 1978, and it has become more common worldwide since then. Feline distemper, also called feline panleukopenia, an often fatal disease of cats, raccoons, and minks caused by a parvovirus, is characterized by fever, dehydration, loss of appetite, and a reduction in white blood cells. Annual vaccination against parvoviruses is routine in cats and dogs.

parvovirus

[¦pär·vō′vī·rəs]
(virology)
The equivalent name for picodnavirus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Human parvovirus B19 transgenic mice become susceptible to polyarthritis.
Romatoid artritli hastalarda Human Parvovirus B19 IgG ve IgM antikor duzeyleri.
Human parvovirus B19 infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Pathogenesis of human parvovirus B19 in rheumatic disease.
Human parvovirus B19 nonstructural (NS1) protein induces apoptosis in erythroid lineage cells.
Roche Diagnostic Systems is an excellent partner to commercialize diagnostic applications of our parvovirus B19 technology while MedImmune continues to focus its efforts on the development of a vaccine for human parvovirus B19 infection," commented Wayne T.
Epitope type-specific IgG responses to capsid proteins VP1 and VP2 of human parvovirus B19.
Human parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy: value of modern molecular and serological diagnostics.
Nucleotide sequence and genome organization of human parvovirus B19 isolated from the serum of a child during aplastic crisis.
Manifestations and treatment of human parvovirus B19 infection in immunocompromised patients.

Full browser ?