Results for intact pigeon humeri
were compared with results for ostectomized humeri
repaired with a titanium 1,6-mm screw locking plate or a stainless steel 1.
In this species, healed innominates (n = 30), humeri
(n = 23), femora (n = 22) and radii and ulnae (n = 17) were most common.
In order to compare these data with those available from other Neotropical mammals, these percentages were only evaluated on maxillae, mandibles, femora, humeri
, tibiae, and ulnae.
The most important assessment tool is static postural assessment, which will reveal the characteristic protracted scapulae, medially rotated humeri
, hyperkyphotic upper thoracic spine, and an anterior head posture (hypolordotic lower cervical spine and a hyperlordotic upper cervical spine).
The total number of bones recovered from the site is 79 (Table 1) representing a minimum of three individuals, based on the presence of three crania and three right humeri
, radii, and ulnae.
Limb Bones--The absence of the supratrochlear foramen in both humeri
is a characteristic shared with G.
The sample from B&H consisted of the following: 242 left humeri
(LH), 198 right humeri
(RH), 242 left femurs (LF), 176 right femurs (RF), 241 left tibias (LT), 176 right tibias (RT), 241 left fibulas (LF), 184 right fibulas (RF).
The most common sites are heads of femoral bones and humeri
, followed by the knee (tibial condyles) and small joints of the hands and feet.
The skull, both clavicles and humeri
were presented and in well condition.
They also recommend that, for some patients, additional testing may be helpful, including: MRI of the pelvis, femora and humeri
, immunophenotyping and molecular assessment of bone marrow plasma cells, and PET scanning.
Players generally have kyphotic posture, such that their upper bodies are flexed, their scapulae are protracted, and both humeri
are internally rotated.
MRI findings associated with luxatio erecta humeri