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hundred,

in English history, a subdivision of a shire, first mentioned in the 10th cent. and surviving as a unit of local government into the 19th cent. It is thought that in origin the hundred comprised 100 geld hides, the geld hide being the basic Anglo-Saxon land unit for taxation purposes; but the hundreds varied considerably in size. The number of hundreds in a shire also varied, and their boundaries were continually changed. The hundred had its own court. The Saxon tithing groups, which had corporate responsibility for the crimes committed by their members, came before it, and personal pleas of debt and trespass were also brought there. Originally presided over by the king's reeves, the hundred courts continued to meet regularly every four weeks until the 13th cent., by which time many of them had been taken over by local lords. They gradually lost importance and from the 16th cent. had little more than a formal existence. In Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, and Leicestershire the unit equivalent to the hundred was called a wapentake; in Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Durham, a ward. Hundreds were also used as subdivisions of counties in some of the Thirteen Colonies, and continued to be used in Delaware as state legislative districts until the 1960s.

Bibliography

See H. M. Cam, The Hundred and the Hundred Rolls (1930, repr. 1963); F. M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (3d ed. 1971).

Hundred

 

(German, Hundertschaft), a social and military organization among the ancient Germanic peoples during the period of transition from the primitive communal system to feudalism. The popular assembly of the hundred met under an elected hundred-leader and decided judicial, administrative, and other questions; the hundred was the basic unit of allotting troops among the Germanic tribes and tribal federations.

In continental Europe the hundred disappeared with the rise of feudalism. In England it gradually came under the authority of the king, in the person of the bailiff. The hundred endured until the late 19th century as an administrative-territorial unit with limited administrative and police functions. Several hundreds formed a shire.

hundred

1. the cardinal number that is the product of ten and ten; five score
2. a numeral, 100, C, etc., representing this number
3. Maths the position containing a digit representing that number followed by two zeros
4. History an ancient division of a county in England, Ireland, and parts of the US
References in periodicals archive ?
He won the one-lap event when he dipped the tape just one hundredth of a second ahead of the American Jordan Boase.
In Colour in Decimats, it is permitted and essential to partition the tenths or hundredths, but only into ten equal, smaller parts.
This is done because the Bank Competition generally weighs in much smaller fish and requires a measurement in hundredths of a pound.
Only six hundredths of a second separated the first six men with the winning time of 10.07 seconds equal to the previous slowest in a world final.
But 30-year-old Pickering showed the greater strength over the closing metres to dip under the two-minute barrier - finishing in 1.59.94, 21 hundredths ahead of Legg.
The new charge band is as follows: * local calls: between ECU 0.5 and 1 hundredths per minute (at peak times); * simple transit: between ECU 0.8 and 1.6 hundredths per minute (at peak times) * double transit: between ECU 1.5 and 2.3 hundredths per minute (at peak times).
Follow with the same type of questions as with the tenths: "What name should be given to the new pieces?" (Hundredths) "How do you know?" (One hundred of these pieces are needed to make the whole slice.) "What name would you give to three strips and two little squares?" (3 tenths and 2 hundredths, or 32 hundredths, or 32/100, since each of the three strips has 10 hundredths.)
Six pounds twenty nine and fifty-one hundredths of a penny a hour; the powers that be can't even be bothered to round it up by forty-nine hundredths of a penny to make it PS6.30.
The result means that Onuora, 27, remains in second place in the British rankings behind Jessica Ennis, but is now just five hundredths of a second adrift.
Malcolm, who will be aiming for a fourth Olympics this summer in the 200m and 4x100m relay, won the 100m in a close-run affair by one hundredth of a second in 10.46secs from France's Jimmy Vicaut with home runner Mark Lewis-Francis just three hundredths of a second back in third.
Second spot out of the 39 entrants in qualifying - a scant three hundredths shy of pole position and leading Super 1 rookie - set the tone for what was an excellent weekend.