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hundred,

in English history, a subdivision of a shire, first mentioned in the 10th cent. and surviving as a unit of local government into the 19th cent. It is thought that in origin the hundred comprised 100 geld hides, the geld hide being the basic Anglo-Saxon land unit for taxation purposes; but the hundreds varied considerably in size. The number of hundreds in a shire also varied, and their boundaries were continually changed. The hundred had its own court. The Saxon tithing groups, which had corporate responsibility for the crimes committed by their members, came before it, and personal pleas of debt and trespass were also brought there. Originally presided over by the king's reeves, the hundred courts continued to meet regularly every four weeks until the 13th cent., by which time many of them had been taken over by local lords. They gradually lost importance and from the 16th cent. had little more than a formal existence. In Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, and Leicestershire the unit equivalent to the hundred was called a wapentake; in Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Durham, a ward. Hundreds were also used as subdivisions of counties in some of the Thirteen Colonies, and continued to be used in Delaware as state legislative districts until the 1960s.

Bibliography

See H. M. Cam, The Hundred and the Hundred Rolls (1930, repr. 1963); F. M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (3d ed. 1971).

Hundred

 

(German, Hundertschaft), a social and military organization among the ancient Germanic peoples during the period of transition from the primitive communal system to feudalism. The popular assembly of the hundred met under an elected hundred-leader and decided judicial, administrative, and other questions; the hundred was the basic unit of allotting troops among the Germanic tribes and tribal federations.

In continental Europe the hundred disappeared with the rise of feudalism. In England it gradually came under the authority of the king, in the person of the bailiff. The hundred endured until the late 19th century as an administrative-territorial unit with limited administrative and police functions. Several hundreds formed a shire.

hundred

1. the cardinal number that is the product of ten and ten; five score
2. a numeral, 100, C, etc., representing this number
3. Maths the position containing a digit representing that number followed by two zeros
4. History an ancient division of a county in England, Ireland, and parts of the US
References in periodicals archive ?
One of these tenths is further partitioned into ten equal parts creating hundredths, and one of the hundredths is partitioned into ten parts creating thousandths.
The materials needed for each pair of children are tagboard decimeter squares to represent the whole, strips 1 cm by 1 dm to represent tenths, squares 1 cm by 1 cm to represent hundredths, three-column place-value mats, and a calculator.
32secs - carving four hundredths off her previous mark.
Times to a hundredth of a second are displayed at each range, so there's immediate feedback and no controversy about a French judge missing a blown triple axel.
19 and it's better to smash it than beat it by hundredths.
Ben Meadows Fiberglass Stream Gauges, #125115, 4 to 8 feet Length 4 inch W Stream, gauges in feet, tenths, hundredths Fiberglass construction for long term use.
He adds that the duration of gamma bursts detected by BATSE has varied from seconds to hundredths of seconds -- suggesting that the flashes may have several different types of sources.
Times are no longer kept by the tenths of a second, but the hundredths, as if an acknowledgment that we are straining to keep alive these record-shattering ways.
73s was identical to Moran's winning time on the first leg and with 19pts Moran has retaken the lead after his main rival David Grace failed to start the second run after his car suffered suspension trouble at the end of the first run where he finished one hundredth of a second ahead with Lane only four hundredths away from making it a double.