hunger strike

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hunger strike,

refusal to eat as a protest against existing conditions. Although most often used by prisoners, others have also employed it. For example, Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 in India and César ChávezChávez, César Estrada
, 1927–93, American agrarian labor leader, b. near Yuma, Ariz. A migrant worker, he became involved (1952) in the self-help Community Service Organization (CSO) in California, working among Mexicans and Mexican Americans; from 1958 to
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 in California fasted as religious penance during otherwise political or economic disputes. An ancient device, the hunger strike was revived in England in the early 20th cent. by militant woman suffragists and became the accepted technique of those sentenced for suffragist activities. The passage of the so-called Cat-and-Mouse Act in 1913, by which the prisoners in ill health due to fasting could be temporarily discharged, ended the forced feeding to which the authorities had resorted. The Franchise Act of 1918 ended the suffragist hunger strikes in England. The hunger strike was used by Irish nationalists in 1912 and again later on. Hunger strikes were used by members of Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
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 in 1920, and Terence MacSwiney, lord mayor of Cork, died in a London prison after a fast of 74 days. Thereafter, hunger striking was forbidden by the Sinn Féin. It was used again in the 1970s and 1980s by imprisoned members of the Irish Republican ArmyIrish Republican Army
(IRA), nationalist organization devoted to the integration of Ireland as a complete and independent unit. Organized by Michael Collins from remnants of rebel units dispersed after the Easter Rebellion in 1916 (see Ireland), it was composed of the more
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. Hunger striking was used between 1917 and 1919 by American woman suffragists and also by conscientious objectors imprisoned in the United States. During the Vietnam War, the Roman Catholic priests Daniel and Philip BerriganBerrigan brothers
, American Catholic priests, writers, and social activists. Daniel Berrigan, 1921–2016, b. Syracuse, N.Y., was ordained in the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1952.
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 used the hunger strike in 1969 at Danbury Prison, Conn., where they had been imprisoned for destroying draft records. In 1970 inmates in California's Soledad Prison used it on a massive scale to protest prison conditions. and in 2000–2001 several hundred leftist inmates in Turkish prisons and others in Turkey used "death fasts" to protest prison conditions. Alleged TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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 and Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 members held at Guantánamo Bay by the United States since 2002 have also used hunger strikes to protest their imprisonment there.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The office-bearers of Hazara Labour Federation, Pakistan Mazdoor Mahaz and labour rights lawyer Advocate Javed Iqbal and some political activists visited the hunger strike camp to show solidarity with the workers.
A similar token hunger strike camp was also established in Dukki for a five day protest.
Hundreds of Palestinians held in indefinite administrative detention by Israel believe that the only way to end this flagrant violation of their human and civil right of holding them in open-ended administrative detention without charge or trial and based on secret evidence not even their lawyers are allowed to see, is by going on hunger strike. The majority have succeeded in their endeavor, some after only weeks and others after several months of hunger strike that has almost killed them.
The spokesman maintained that party Chairman had started the hunger strike against the callous approach of the NIA on 10th of this month, the next day when he was shifted to New Delhi and handed over to the investigating agency.
PCHR said it was concerned that in case the prisoners went on the hunger strike in the Israeli prisoners, the IPS would use new suppressive and punitive measures against them.
Part of themotion read: "That this House is concerned that the hunger strike in Turkey by Leyla Guven MP of the People's Democratic Party (HDP) has reached its third month and that she is in a critical condition; notes that her protest has inspired others to hunger strike, including Ilhan Sis in Newport, South Wales, UK who is now on an indefinite hunger strike, and that 156 other Kurds held in Turkish prisons are now also on indefinite hunger strikes."
'He has asthma and has to be on medication,' she said, while expressing her worry about him going on hunger strike.
Shabbir Wali, another affectee at the hunger strike camp, said the employees had been at hunger strike since Monday, but the department had not bothered to send anyone to them for negotiations.
The hunger strike was joined by scores of persons including Tanvir Arijo,Neelam Arijo, Soorhya Sindhi and Aslam Khairpuri.
Kim Sung-tae, floor leader of the largest opposition Liberty Korea Party (LKP), has staged a hunger strike for seven days as of Wednesday, in the face of hostile public opinions against him and even a physical assault last Saturday.
The convicts Bekur Asanov, Kubanychbek Kadyrov and Ernest Karybekov got back to a "wet hunger strike", they started drinking water, but continue refusing from food, the Institute of Ombudsman reported.
GENEVA, May 25 (KUNA) -- The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Thursday warned against "irreversible health consequences" of Palestinians on hunger strike in the Israeli prisons.