hunger strike

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hunger strike,

refusal to eat as a protest against existing conditions. Although most often used by prisoners, others have also employed it. For example, Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 in India and Cesar ChavezChavez, Cesar Estrada
, 1927–93, American agrarian labor leader, b. near Yuma, Ariz. A migrant worker, he became involved (1952) in the self-help Community Service Organization (CSO) in California, working among Mexicans and Mexican Americans; from 1958 to 1962 he was its
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 in California fasted as religious penance during otherwise political or economic disputes. An ancient device, the hunger strike was revived in England in the early 20th cent. by militant woman suffragists and became the accepted technique of those sentenced for suffragist activities. The passage of the so-called Cat-and-Mouse Act in 1913, by which the prisoners in ill health due to fasting could be temporarily discharged, ended the forced feeding to which the authorities had resorted. The Franchise Act of 1918 ended the suffragist hunger strikes in England. The hunger strike was used by Irish nationalists in 1912 and again later on. Hunger strikes were used by members of Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
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 in 1920, and Terence MacSwiney, lord mayor of Cork, died in a London prison after a fast of 74 days. Thereafter, hunger striking was forbidden by the Sinn Féin. It was used again in the 1970s and 1980s by imprisoned members of the Irish Republican ArmyIrish Republican Army
(IRA), nationalist organization devoted to the integration of Ireland as a complete and independent unit. Organized by Michael Collins from remnants of rebel units dispersed after the Easter Rebellion in 1916 (see Ireland), it was composed of the more
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. Hunger striking was used between 1917 and 1919 by American woman suffragists and also by conscientious objectors imprisoned in the United States. During the Vietnam War, the Roman Catholic priests Daniel and Philip BerriganBerrigan brothers
, American Catholic priests, writers, and social activists. Daniel Berrigan, 1921–2016, b. Syracuse, N.Y., was ordained in the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1952.
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 used the hunger strike in 1969 at Danbury Prison, Conn., where they had been imprisoned for destroying draft records. In 1970 inmates in California's Soledad Prison used it on a massive scale to protest prison conditions. and in 2000–2001 several hundred leftist inmates in Turkish prisons and others in Turkey used "death fasts" to protest prison conditions. Alleged TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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 and Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 members held at Guantánamo Bay by the United States since 2002 have also used hunger strikes to protest their imprisonment there.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mirren, who won an Emmy on Monday for her role as tough cop Jane Tennison in Prime Suspect, plays the mother of an H-block hunger striker in the movie.
These five hunger strikers are being exposed to suppressive measures by the Israeli prison service, including solitary confinement and repeated transfers.
The American Medical Association, on several occasions, had also expressed concerns about physicians participating in the force-feeding of hunger strikers inside ICE facilities.
"In many ways she epitomised what all the mothers of the hunger strikers endured and her sacrifice will never be forgotten."
In the absence of concrete resistance against the occupation, the hunger strikers have engaged in a loaded form of resistance to prove the flame is still burning.
The dailies added scores of hunger strikers were transferred from prisons to Israeli civilian, while al-Quds said many fainted when they were transferred to hospitals.
Israeli officials have vowed not to negotiate with the hunger strikers, with Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan on Tuesday calling them "terrorists and incarcerated murderers." Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked said that authorities "would not hesitate to implement the law which authorizes the force-feeding of detainees".
Ramallah: The Palestinian Prisoners' Club has accepted Israeli medical action to bring Palestinian hunger striker Mohammad Allan out of his coma, arguing that the medical staff's earlier intervention to give the patient an infusion of liquids and salts had anyway already violated his strike.
KISA said it heard "with astonishment" last Wednesday that despite assurances by the civil registry and migration department, that the refugees' applications have not yet been forwarded to Hasikos, despite his instructions, when he met with the hunger strikers for their applications' prompt processing.
We don't want lies, we want our houses," said ME-yesser Dulundu, speaking to HE-rriyet on behalf of the hunger strikers.
Is there continuous contact between the NCHR and hunger strikers?
One of the hunger strikers, author Manon Steffan Ros, of Tywyn, Gwynedd, said: "Very simply, there's no right in Wales to refuse planning permission because of its language impact alone.