hunter-gatherer(redirected from hunting and gathering society)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to hunting and gathering society: Industrial society
hunter-gatherera member of a society which subsists by exploiting non-domestic/wild food resources. This strategy includes the hunting of large and small game animals, fishing, and the collection of various plant foods. A hunter-gatherer typically lives as part of a small camp or BAND made up of kin. The band is generally nomadic, with their movements following the availability of food, and there is a division of labour by age and sex: women collect plant foods and men hunt. Today, barely 30,000 of the world's population live by hunting and gathering, though it has supported life for 99% of humankind's existence.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000