Hussars

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Hussars

 

an arm of the cavalry. The name “hussar” first appeared in Hungary in 1458 as the name of special cavalry detachments of the court militia. In the 16th century it was borrowed by the Poles as the name for special units of heavy cavalry of the nobility. Regular hussar regiments were formed in France, Austria, and Prussia in the late 17th and early 18th centuries; they were used as light cavalry for activity in the rear and on the flanks of the enemy and for carrying on reconnaissance and pursuit. They maintained their importance until the middle of the 19th century, but by the end of the 19th century the difference between individual arms of the cavalry disappeared, and the name “hussar” was kept in certain armies only for the sake of tradition.

In Russia detached hussar units made up of foreigners were activated in the 17th century on the model of the Polish hussars. At the start of the 18th century small irregular hussar detachments (regiments in 1741–59) were formed of Serbs, Moldavians, Wallachians. and other immigrants from neighboring countries. In 1765, after the elimination of the Ukrainian Sloboda Cossack Host, hussar regiments in settlements were formed from former cossacks. In 1783–84 all hussar regiments were renamed light cavalry and changed into regular troops. The name “hussars” was restored in the 1790’s. In 1825 there were 14 hussar regiments (one-third of the entire cavalry). In 1882 all army hussar regiments were renamed dragoons. In 1907 the name “hussar” regiments was restored, and in 1917 there were two guards hussar regiments and 18 army hussar regiments. The hussars had special uniforms, which included the doloman—a jacket with a stand-up collar and shoulder cords; the mentik—a short jacket with a fur border and fur hat with plume or shako; and the chakchiry—breeches embroidered with cord and low boots. Their weapons included sabers, carbines, and pistols.

References in periodicals archive ?
Now, thanks to the Hussar software, anyone can perform the appropriate simulations on even an ordinary computer, according to the research team behind the software.
"But it stops well," Hussar explained, noting the car's max speed is 35 mph.
A spokesman for West Midlands Fire Service said: "Crews were called to Hussar Court this afternoon as a car has collided with a house.
She added: "We are delighted to partner up with the Hussar to support individuals and families in Byker in increasingly difficult times."
With the window of time closing for Vienna, the walls were about to be breached on September 12 when the vastly outnumbered Christian coalition, led by Polish King Jan III Sobieski and his famous winged hussars, descended Kahlenberg Mountain to engage the Turks in an attempt to lift the siege.
Truffaut makes his way through often overt and radical conflicts, but Arts magazine makes him a dreaded critic, so this "hussar with his sword drawn" (De Baecque and Toubiana 84) sometimes happens to stand alongside Laurent and Nimier on the front page.
As he has done already O'Brien is double-handed in the betfred.com Derby Trial Stakes (2.55pm) with Mekong River and Blue Hussar.
DONCASTER: 11.55 Corkage, 12.25 Swallowshide, 1.00 Fox Appeal, 1.35 Runswick Royal, 2.05 Royal Irish Hussar, 2.40 Robbie, 3.15 Night In Milan.
The French import was only beaten a neck by Royal Irish Hussar on his British debut at Market Rasen, trying to concede 8lb having won a race before joining Williams.
Daniel Hussar, PhD, Remington Professor of Pharmacy at University of the Sciences, said that individuals as young as six months old benefit most from the vaccination when given in the fall because their bodies have time to build up immunity to last an entire flu season - which typically runs through May.
A stuck-up politician with a PR problem, his chatterbox wife and a famous but clueless goth rocker get lost in a Baltic forest in the diverting if not entirely smooth genre mashup "Mushrooming." Estonian theater and TV helmer Toomas Hussar mixes thriller and horror elements with Baltic humor in his feature debut, broadly satirizing the mindless behavior of politicians and celebrities.
Henderson is also responsible for the ante-post favourite Irish Hussar, beaten three-parts of a length by Shooting Light at Newbury this month but still not a certain runner.