Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


(hī`əsĭnth) or


(hīəsĭn`thəs), in Greek mythology, beautiful youth loved by Apollo. He was killed accidentally by a discus thrown by the god. According to another legend, the wind god Zephyr, out of jealousy, blew the discus to kill Hyacinth. From his blood sprang a flower which was named for him.


any plant of the genus Hyacinthus, bulbous herbs of the family Liliaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family) native to the Mediterranean region and South Africa. The common, or Dutch, hyacinth of house and garden culture (derived from H. orientalis of the NE Mediterranean) became so popular in the 18th cent. that 2,000 kinds were said to be in cultivation in Holland, the chief commercial producer. This hyacinth has a single dense spike of fragrant flowers in shades of red, blue, white, or yellow. A variety of the common hyacinth is the less hardy and smaller blue- or white-flowered Roman hyacinth (var. albulus) of florists. The flower of the Greek youth HyacinthHyacinth
or Hyacinthus
, in Greek mythology, beautiful youth loved by Apollo. He was killed accidentally by a discus thrown by the god. According to another legend, the wind god Zephyr, out of jealousy, blew the discus to kill Hyacinth.
..... Click the link for more information.
 has been identified with a number of plants (e.g., iris) other than the true hyacinth. The related grape hyacinths (Muscari), sometimes called baby's-breath, are very low, mostly blue-flowered herbs similar in appearance to hyacinths and also commonly cultivated. Types of brodieabrodiea
or brodiaea
, any plant of the genus Brodiaea, herbs of the family Liliaceae (lily family), with narrow leaves and blue or purple star-shaped flowers. The many North American species include the golden brodiea (B.
..... Click the link for more information.
, camasscamass
or camas
, any species of the genus Camassia (or Quamasia), hardy North American plants of the family Lilaceae (lily family), chiefly of moist places in the far West, where their abundance has given rise to various place names.
..... Click the link for more information.
, squillsquill,
common name for two genera of Old World bulbous plants of the family Liliaceae (lily family). The horticulturists' squill is any plant of the genus Scilla,
..... Click the link for more information.
, and other lily-family plants with flower clusters borne along the stalk are also called hyacinth. Hyacinths are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. any liliaceous plant of the Mediterranean genus Hyacinthus, esp any cultivated variety of H. orientalis, having a thick flower stalk bearing white, blue, or pink fragrant flowers
2. the flower or bulb of such a plant
3. any similar or related plant, such as the grape hyacinth
4. a red or reddish-brown transparent variety of the mineral zircon, used as a gemstone
5. Greek myth a flower which sprang from the blood of the dead Hyacinthus
6. any of the varying colours of the hyacinth flower or stone
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In The Princess it enabled his conservative temper to transcend his conservative opinion and thrill to the spectacle of England's class-bound decline--and then also, at a key juncture, to make Hyacinth's socialism prospectively accountable for failures that were to become all too familiar to Howe's generation in retrospect.
At this time of year, I usually long for the beauty of flowers, so I plant hyacinth bulbs in the fall, force them, and enjoy their flowering indoors before any signs of spring surface in the outdoor garden.
In a statement, the Pambansang Lakas ng Kilusang Mamamalakaya ng Pilipinas (Pamalakaya)-Rizal Provincial Coordinator Ronnel Arambulo, reported that towns of Binangonan and Cardona in Rizal are now 'heavily surrounded' by water hyacinth, blocking the waterways of small fisherfolk.
'Water hyacinth proliferation is no longer a problem in the Pasig River.
'As we speak, communities such as: Ofunama, Opuama, Polobubou, Ogbodugbudo, Ogboinbiri and others in Egbema kingdom are being trapped by the water hyacinth which has locked up the entire creeks.
One method is using mechanical harvesting machines the government even brought a hyacinth collection machine to eradicate the weed but this approach is time-consuming (covering no more than one to four acres a day) and expensive.
Water hyacinth, which has brought sleepless nights to fishermen, has been beautifully woven into clothes and other household items.
You will need to buy hyacinth bulbs labelled "prepared" - these have been chilled so that when you plant them in the warm, they think spring has come early and burst into bloom.
Ordinary hyacinth bulbs can be planted in the garden now for flowering in springtime.
Since the water hyacinth was discovered at Lake Tana in 2012, by biologist Dr Ayalew Wonde, fragmented efforts have been underway to control the plant's spread
The water hyacinth extracted 100% of cadmium, cobalt and manganese and 80% of zinc from the Nant-y-Fendrod, in the lower Swansea Valley.