Eosinophils are present within the hyaline membrane
and alveolar space as well as in the interstitium, best seen in the lower left (hematoxylin-eosin, original magnification X400).
3B) intercoxal sclerite subquadrate, with large hyaline membrane
along distal margin.
Keenan, "Hyaline membrane
disease: the role of ethnicity and maternal risk characteristics," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.
were present focally (Figure 4(g)).
Caption: FIGURE 1: Chest radiographs of neonate showing features of hyaline membrane
disease on day 1 of life and typical features of left upper lobe congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) on day 25 of life.
AFOP is characterized by a pattern of organizing pneumonia where the predominant histological finding is the presence of intra-alveolar fibrin balls (involving above 30% of the alveolar spaces within a specimen) and type 2 pneumocyte hyperplasia, thus resembling an acute lung injury pattern, but lacking hyaline membrane
The significance of grunting in hyaline membrane
The alveolar walls were lined with hyaline membrane
in all the cases (Figure 2).
of Causes in each babies (%) group Prematurity 30 (52) Sepsis n = 12 (40%) and its Hyaline membrane
n = 7 (23%) complications disease Pulmonary hemorrhage n = 6 (20%) Intraventricular n = 4 (13%) hemorrhage Necrotizing n = 1 (3%) enterocolitis Congenital 17 (29) Multiple dysmorphic n = 6 (35%) malformations features Inborn errors of n = 5 (29%) metabolism Chromosomal n = 3 (18%) anomalies Renal anomalies n = 2 (12%) Specific 7 (12) -- -- diagnosis * Asphyxia 4 (7) -- -- * Dandy Walker, primary microcephaly, and intestinal obstruction/ perforation, term baby with necrotizing enterocolitis, arthrogryposis multiplex, skeletal dysplasia, and congenital lymphangiectasia
Prompt and early referral for lifesaving treatments, such as surfactant for hyaline membrane
disease, and therapeutic hypothermia for asphyxia, is critical.
The chest x ray showed short ribs, high position of clavicle and features of hyaline membrane
disease (Figure 4).
Before 1967, ARDS was described by numerous terms which included: Da Nang lung, white lung syndrome, pump lung, shock lung, wet lung, stiff lung syndrome, adult hyaline membrane
disease, & adult respiratory insufficiency.