Jahnson S et al (14) in their study on hydroceles
and spermatoceles reported 94% satisfactory results after 1 to 4 treatments using polidocanol and they also concluded that dose of 4 ml was superior to 2 ml, particularly for larger hydroceles/spermatoceles.
Meconium reaching the paratesticular soft tissue through a patent processus vaginalis causes a scrotal mass.[sup.2] The typical presentation is a soft hydrocele
at birth which becomes harder in weeks as the meconium calcifies.
There was no reported case of hydrocele
formation in postoperative period in our study possibly because of the tight purse string effect created on the internal ring making it water tight.
According to a descriptive study conducted by Kiddoo et al (2004), the overall complication rate following outpatient scrotal surgery was 19.2% and the most common complications witnessed after surgery for hydroceles
and spermatoceles were persistent scrotal swelling, inflammation and postoperative infection.
This may explain why hydrocele
remains the most common clinical manifestation of BF even after the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis has completed 13 years of operation through 2012 with mass drug administration as the core strategy in 55 of 73 endemic countries .
Sugita, "A case of bilateral abdominoscrotal hydroceles
without communication with the peritoneum," Indian Journal of Urology, vol.
A minority of them opted to undergo corrective surgeries for phimosis, varicoceles, hydroceles
, and experienced 7 times more emotional distress than those who had not undergone any.
Single-port laparoscopic extraperitoneal repair of pediatric inguinal hernias and hydroceles
by using modified Kirschner pin: A novel technique.
Inguinal hernias are also associated with hydroceles
(Smith and Kenny, 2008).
A similar scheme can be applied to the pericardium and hydroceles
, and sometimes to the peritoneum, but orientation is frequently difficult in the peritoneum and there is much less tendency to end up with a thick fibrous peritoneum than a thick pleura, pericardium, or hydrocele
Clinical examination of the scrotum was normal except for small bilateral hydroceles
. Urine examination and blood tests including HCG, AFP and LDH were within normal limits.
Genital filariasis in India presents commonly as secondary vaginal hydroceles
with an associated epididymoorchitis (1).