hydrolase


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Related to hydrolase: oxidoreductase, transferase

hydrolase

[′hī·drə‚lās]
(biochemistry)
Any of a class of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of proteins, nucleic acids, starch, fats, phosphate esters, and other macromolecular substances.
References in periodicals archive ?
Long-term reduction of cocaine self-administration in rats treated with adenoviral vector-delivered cocaine hydrolase: Evidence for enzymatic activity.
* The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape for Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH or Anandamide Amidohydrolase or EC 3.5.1.99)
In light of this evidence, the hydrolase activity of HNE-modified UCHL1 was reduced to about 40-80% of nonmodified UCHL1 and was inversely correlated with the degree of modification [46, 69].
Hydrolase activities, microbial biomass and bacterial community in a soil after long-term amendment with different compost.
* "Isoenzymatic activity differences of single biocatalysts are more readily balanced by combining uniformly acting hydrolases of varying origins
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), a member of the epoxide hydrolase family, is found mostly in cytosol but also in the peroxisomes of some mammalian tissues including liver, kidney, intestine and vascular tissues (Morisseau and Hammock 2013).
The specific objective of this research was to develop a mathematical model linking the time since the last fire and some microbiological characteristics of soil (basal respiration microbial biomass and enzyme activity FDA hydrolase) to spectra near infrared.
reuteri is in its ability to produce an enzyme called bile salt hydrolase. This enzyme makes cholesterol less absorbable so that instead of being absorbed into the bloodstream, it becomes trapped in the gut, then later excreted in fecal matter.
The gastrointestinal microbiota composition is influenced by bile salts and in turn, bile salts themselves are chemically modified in the gut by bacterial enzymes such as bacterial bile salt hydrolase (BSH).
In this study, nitro fatty acids were found to inhibit (block the action of) an enzyme called soluble epoxide hydrolase, and this in turn lowered blood pressure.
Importantly, the research team discovered that an enzyme called alpha/beta hydrolase domain-6 (in short ABHD6) breaks down monoacylglycerol and thus negatively controls insulin release.