In addition, radar often misses light precipitation (due to reflectivity being proportional to the sixth power of hydrometeor
diameter and drizzle drops being small).
This algorithm is essential for the use of KDP for many applications such as rainfall estimation, hydrometeor
classification, and numerical modeling.
., 19, 409-426, https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-17-0135.1.
., 15, 1419-1439, https://doi .org/10.1175/JHM-D-13-0183.1.
These data provide the first-ever observations of the detailed evolution of hydrometeor
characteristics and precipitation development due to Agi seeding of orographic clouds (French et al.
Current airborne in situ cloud physics probes sample small volumes of air, such that the along-track distribution of the largest hydrometeors
, which are present at low concentrations but typically dominate the radar signal, is not adequately sampled.
I., 1997: Temporal and spatial variations of hydrometeor
orientations in thunderstorms.
The radar reflectivity used below is extracted and derived by a NCAR command language (NCL) function, which is computed from the simulated mixing ratios of grid-resolved hydrometeor
species, assuming scattering by spherical particles of known constant density with an exponential size distribution .
., 18, 85-108, https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-16-0064.1.
We conclude that significant ghost echoes from hydrometeor
returns should be rare.
., 4, 1147-1167, https://doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2003)004<1147:TVGPCP>2,0.CO;2.
Rapid scans of the atmosphere and hydrometeor
classification, among other polarimetric radar capabilities, are critical for forecasting and prediction.