syndrome, Ostrich, Experimental infection, Angara disease.
On the one hand, right ventricular heart failure, most often induced by respiratory tract diseases, pulmonary artery stenosis or pulmonary hypertension, induced in turn by left ventricular heart failure (Dunn et al., 1973; Kisloff & Schaffer, 1976), can be a cause of ascites, hydrothorax, hydropericardium
, congestive oedema of parenchymal organs, resulting in the impairment of their function (Birgens et al., 1978; Field & Meyer, 1978; Lambert, 1991).
There was mild/moderate hydrothorax, hydroperitoneum and hydropericardium
. In addition, there was moderate hepatomegaly and the liver had a diffuse, slightly accentuated lobular pattern.
Among the pathologic alterations diagnosed, hydropericardium
and hypertrophy or dilation of the right ventricle represent the pathologic findings documented most frequently, often caused by right-sided congestive heart failure.
Immunosuppression in broiler chicks fed aflatoxin and inoculated with fowl adenovirus serotype - 4(FAV-4) associated with hydropericardium
Lesions in the affected animals included widespread hemorrhages and congestion, enterohepatonephrotoxicity, pulmonary hemorrhage, emphysema and cyanosis, tracheal froths, ascites, and hydropericardium
. These lesions were accompanied by increases in the activity of serum AST, in the concentration of urea, and decreases in total protein and albumin, anemia, and leukopenia .
(Pty) Ltd) on 8th and 21st and hydropericardium
syndrome (BioAngara Plus, Sana Lab) on day 19th.
Necropsy of the affected birds revealed prominent changes which included hydropericardium
, accumulation of jelly fluid in the pericardial sac (Fig.
The prevalence of Newcastle disease, Gumboro and Hydropericardium
syndrome inbroiler flocks was 10.47%, 2.38%, 0.95% respectively.
The chi-squared test for trend of the macroscopic lesions showed significant differences for all lesions except hydropericardium
Birds were vaccinated against Newcastle Disease (ND) plus Infectious Bronchitis viruses at 4 d, Infectious Bursal Disease virus at 8 d and again at 14 d; Hydropericardium
Syndrome virus at 18 d and ND-Lasota strain at 22 d following the locally designed vaccination schedule.
Chicks were vaccinated against Newcastle Disease (ND) on day 2nd and 23rd, infectious bursal disease (IBD) on 8th and 21st and hydropericardium
syndrome (HPS) on day 19th by using live vaccines.