Among the pathologic alterations diagnosed, hydropericardium
and hypertrophy or dilation of the right ventricle represent the pathologic findings documented most frequently, often caused by right-sided congestive heart failure.
Immunosuppression in broiler chicks fed aflatoxin and inoculated with fowl adenovirus serotype - 4(FAV-4) associated with hydropericardium
Pty) Ltd) on 8th and 21st and hydropericardium
syndrome (BioAngara Plus, Sana Lab) on day 19th.
1 C) were observed without any evidence of hydropericardium
Sections through the cardiac region showed the abnormalities microcardia, necrosis in atrium, underdeveloped ventricles, hydropericardium
and lungs abnormalities including underdeveloped lobes of lungs, which were also observed by Yang et al.
The prevalence of Newcastle disease, Gumboro and Hydropericardium
syndrome inbroiler flocks was 10.
Birds were vaccinated against Newcastle Disease (ND) plus Infectious Bronchitis viruses at 4 d, Infectious Bursal Disease virus at 8 d and again at 14 d; Hydropericardium
Syndrome virus at 18 d and ND-Lasota strain at 22 d following the locally designed vaccination schedule.
Chicks were vaccinated against Newcastle Disease (ND) on day 2nd and 23rd, infectious bursal disease (IBD) on 8th and 21st and hydropericardium
syndrome (HPS) on day 19th by using live vaccines.
However, rests of the diseases diagnosed during the period were Enteritis, Omphalitis and Hydropericardium
Adverse outcomes were in-hospital complications including the following cardiovascular outcomes: malignant arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmia therapy or insertion of a temporary pacemaker, hydropericardium
diagnosed by cardiac ultrasound needing treatment, postoperative heart failure (without preoperative heart failure, Ross scores of greater than three after surgery and treated with vasopressors) and pulmonary hypertension crisis diagnosed by clinicians (severe hypoxemia, severe hypotension, increased central venous pressure, tachycardia and metabolic acidosis).
ARVs cause a range of diseases in chicken, including viral arthritis/ tenosynovitis, and are associated with respiratory disease, enteric disease, inclusion body hepatitis, hydropericardium
, runting stunting syndrome, malabsorption syndrome, and sudden death.
Remember that necropsy evidences are hydropericardium
, heart dilatation, muscles and intestine hyperemia, accumulation of transudate fluid contained fibrin in abdominal cavity and liver edematous.