Arden, who was not involved in the Epstein autopsy, said that in general, a finding of a broken hyoid
requires pathologists to conduct more extensive investigation.
"If, hypothetically, the hyoid
bone is broken, that would generally raise questions about strangulation, but it is not definitive and does not exclude suicidal hanging," John Arden, President of the National Association of Medical Examiners, told the Post.
The avian hyoid
skeleton functions to control and support tongue movement as well as to support the laryngeal apparatus.
Craniocervical posture and hyoid
bone position in children with mild and moderate asthma and mouth breathing.
These muscles elevate the hyoid
bone to its highest position, and consequently, the anterior third of the tongue reaches the hard palate.
Pearson correlation coefficient was used to find out the correlation of the hyoid
bone position with the pharyngeal airway space.
The anterior cervical region between the isthmus and the hyoid
bone was completely dissected for identifying the presence of any thyroid tissue.
Dr Li's team studied highresolution images of hyoid
muscles and bones from 15 modern specimens, including three alligators and 13 birds ranging from ducks to ostriches.
The researchers made their discovery by comparing the hyoid
bones of extinct dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and alligators to the hyoid
bones and muscles of modern birds and alligator specimens.
In morphological studies, it has been shown with a three-dimensional computed tomography that the male gender has larger hyoid
bone volume and longer length of greater cornu (13).
The neurovascular myocutaneous infrahyoid flap was planned so that its medial edge fell along the midline, its lateral edge 3- to 5-cm distal to the midline, its upper margin leveled with the hyoid
bone, and its lower margin fell on the suprasternal notch.
Likewise, it stated, no ante-mortem injury was seen and hyoid
bone is also intact.