hyoid

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Related to hyoids: Lingual bone

hyoid

[′hī‚ȯid]
(anatomy)
A bone or complex of bones at the base of the tongue supporting the tongue and its muscles.
Of or pertaining to structures derived from the hyoid arch.
References in periodicals archive ?
After reading a 1949 paper that classified howlers based on a vocal tract bone called the hyoid, Dunn paired up with Lauren Halenar of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, who was studying the hyoid's role in howler biology.
Caption: In nine species of howler monkey, researchers found an inverse relationship between testes size and size of the hyoid bone, part of the vocal tract.
2008), "Human Hyoid Bones from the Middle Pleistocene Site of the Sima de los Huesos (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain)," Journal of Human Evolution 54: 118-124.
In the January Journal of Human Evolution, the scientists describe two hyoid bones from this ancient Homo species, a possible common ancestor of later European Neandertals and modern humans.
Some researchers regard hyoid shape in humans as an indicator of a vocal tract designed for speaking.
The discoverers of the Neandertal hyoid reported that the specimen overlaps with modern human hyoids on five of the same six measures (SN: 7/8/89, p.
No other hyoid bones have been found for Neanderthals or, for that matter, for any other early hominids -- members of the evolutionary family that includes modern humans.
From the different types of variations in the infrahyoid muscles, the muscles extending between clavicle and hyoid bone were classified as cleidohyoid muscles by Loth as early as 1912 (7).