hyoid

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hyoid

[′hī‚ȯid]
(anatomy)
A bone or complex of bones at the base of the tongue supporting the tongue and its muscles.
Of or pertaining to structures derived from the hyoid arch.
References in periodicals archive ?
Variations of some metric characteristics of the hyoid bone have been reported in western populations (Chang 1967; Kindschuh et al., 2012; Leksan et al., 2005; Miller et al., 1998; Martinez et al., 2008).
Because of its anatomic position and physical rigidity and variations of its shape, it has been stated that the hyoid bone becomes a prime indicator in strangulation or hanging or cervical trauma cases and it also has forensic significance (Kindschuh et al., 2012; Kindschuh et al., 2010; Kim et al.; Leksan et al.; Mukhopadhyay, 2010; Pollanen & Chiasson, 1996; Pollanen & Ubelaker, 1997).
Dunn thinks the container-like hyoid functions as a resonating chamber for calls.
Caption: In nine species of howler monkey, researchers found an inverse relationship between testes size and size of the hyoid bone, part of the vocal tract.
Frayer also compared pig and human hyoids. Shape differences are readily apparent and seem to stem from the bone's contrasting functions in pigs and humans, he argues.
Comparison of the bone, known as the hyoid, across different mammalian groups indicates that its shape alone says nothing about the capacity of a Neandertal or any other creature to speak, contend Joy S.
The shape and size of the Neanderthal hyoid bone and the positioning of marks left by muscle attachments closely resemble those observed in modern humans, the investigators say.
"You can't reproduce the position of the entire vocal tract [the top half of the airway linking the lungs to the atmosphere] with just a hyoid bone and a jaw fragment," says anatomist Jeffrey T.
A standard total laryngectomy involves dissection of the larynx from above the hyoid bone to below the cricoid cartilage.
He has lost his ability to pull the hyoid and the larynx up and forward to open the upper esophageal sphincter resulting in pharyngeal dysphagia and food remaining in pharynx (white arrows) with penetration just over arytenoid complex, remaining above the vocal folds (black arrows).
Muscles on both the sides were attached to the superior surface of the middle third of clavicle behind the clavicular portion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and extending upward lateral to the Sternohyoid, got inserted into the hyoid bone [Fig.1].
Arden, who was not involved in the Epstein autopsy, said that in general, a finding of a broken hyoid requires pathologists to conduct more extensive investigation.