hyoscine


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to hyoscine: scopolamine, Buscopan

hyoscine

(hī`ōsēn, –sĭn): see scopolaminescopolamine
or hyoscine
, alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane, Hyoscyamus niger. Structurally similar to the nerve substance acetylcholine, scopolamine acts by interfering with the transmission of nerve
..... Click the link for more information.
.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
One such antispasmodic drug is Hyoscine butylbromide which has been used to shorten the duration of labour.
Hyoscine butylbromide (HBB) is derived from hyoscine, extract of tree dubosia, which is present in Australia and has antispasmodic action and is known since 19575 Hyoscine is quartenary ammonium compound which has spasmolytic effect on smooth muscles of genitourinary tract and gastrointestinal tract.
According to the results of current study, hyoscine was the predominant tropane alkaloid in the seeds of H.
001) and the use of hyoscine was associated with a 30% increase (P less than .
Intravenous hyoscine butylbromide was given and the hypermotility was noted to improve shortly after.
There are essentially two sorts of motion sickness pills: hyoscine (branded as Joy-rides or Kwells) and antihistamine (such as Stugeron or Sea-legs; respectively available in generic form as cinnarizine or meclozine).
The initial prescription of subcutaneous diamorphine, midazolam and hyoscine by Dr.
Mild to moderate abdominal pain was managed by reassuring and informing the patients of the transient nature of the pain; intramuscular hyoscine 20 mg was used to treat severe pain.
The three most commonly used anticholinergic medications to treat the death rattle in the dying patient are hyoscine hydrobromide (Scopolamine[R]), hyoscyamine sulfate (Levsin[R]), and glycopyrrolate (Robinul[R]) (see Table 2).
This has been shown through many case reports, with at least partial response to anticholinergics (amitripryline, trihexyphenidyl, benztropine, biperiden, pirenzepine, ipratropium, scopolamine, hyoscine, atropine, and glycopyrrolate) and [alpha]-blockers (clonidine, lofexidine, guanfacine, and terazosin).
The alkaloids in mandrake are hyoscyamine C17H 23O3N (scopoletin 2500-3500 ppm), hyoscine C17H 21O4N (scopolamine 30-50 ppm), atropine [C.