hyoscine


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Related to hyoscine: scopolamine, Buscopan

hyoscine

(hī`ōsēn, –sĭn): see scopolaminescopolamine
or hyoscine
, alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane, Hyoscyamus niger. Structurally similar to the nerve substance acetylcholine, scopolamine acts by interfering with the transmission of nerve
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Drotaverine hydrochloride and hyoscine butylbromide are two such smooth muscle relaxants with different mechanism of action.
Hyoscine butylbromide (HBB) is derived from hyoscine, extract of tree dubosia, which is present in Australia and has antispasmodic action and is known since 19575 Hyoscine is quartenary ammonium compound which has spasmolytic effect on smooth muscles of genitourinary tract and gastrointestinal tract.
Bashashati, "A comparison of the effect of intranasal desmopressin and intramuscular hyoscine N-butyl bromide combination with intramuscular hyoscine N-butyl bromide alone in acute renal colic," Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol.
The results indicated that the content of tropane alkaloids (hyoscine and atropine) and rutin were different in seeds of Hyoscyamus niger plants, which were collected from various ecological sites.
I would prescribe an antispasmodic medicine like mebeverine, alverine citrate or hyoscine which eases the pain during the attacks.
Data were collected on cecal intubation, rectal retroversion, mean withdrawal time for the endoscopist, quality of bowel prep, use of the antispasmodic hyoscine butylbromide, start time of the procedure, and sedation use.
Intravenous hyoscine butylbromide was given and the hypermotility was noted to improve shortly after.
Mild to moderate abdominal pain was managed by reassuring and informing the patients of the transient nature of the pain; intramuscular hyoscine 20 mg was used to treat severe pain.
The three most commonly used anticholinergic medications to treat the death rattle in the dying patient are hyoscine hydrobromide (Scopolamine[R]), hyoscyamine sulfate (Levsin[R]), and glycopyrrolate (Robinul[R]) (see Table 2).