hyoscyamine


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Related to hyoscyamine: Hyoscyamine sulfate

hyoscyamine

[‚hī·ə′sī·ə‚mēn]
(organic chemistry)
C17H23O3N A white, crystalline alkaloid isolated from henbane, belladonna, and other plants of the family Solanaceae, which is freely soluble in alcohol and dilute acids; used in medicine as an anticholinergic.
References in periodicals archive ?
coli cells expressing a S14P/K97A mutant of hyoscyamine 6^-hydroxylase AaH6H," Journal of Biotechnology, vol.
stramonium, Shows the positive effect of this plant on the increase of the resistance of the soil, it can affect the germination of the seeds and so delay it, or the development of the plants is inhibited [31, 4] The alkaloids present in Datura such as Tropanes including scopolamine and hyoscyamine were present in soil extract, both are at equal concentrations [34].
These patients can initially be managed with hyoscyamine, a muscarinic antagonist.
Two examples include dicyclomine (Bentyl) and hyoscyamine (Levsin).
The plant contains tropane alkaloids such as atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine (Paris and Moyse, 1976-1981).
In the southern US, anticholinergic plant poisoning is frequently caused by several species of three closely related plant genera (Brugmasia, Datura, and Solandra) from the nightshade or Solanaceae family that contain combinations of tropine alkaloids, including atropine, hyoscyamine, and scopolamine (Figure 2).
Y cemegau gwenwynig ydi atropine - Atropa belladonna ydi ei enw gwyddonol o - a hyoscyamine. Mi gewch chi hwn hefyd yn llewyg yr ir - henbane yn Saesneg ac mewn Mandragora officinalis.
Ethex had allegedly submitted false quarterly reports to the government related to Nitroglycerin Extended Release Capsules (Nitroglycerin ER) and Hyoscyamine Sulfate Extended Release Capsules (Hyoscyamine ER).
Oral intake of the plant may induce an anticholinergic effects since it includes atropine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine. The estimated lethal dose of atropine and scopolamine in adults are 10 or more and more than 2-4 mg, respectively.
Antispasmodics such as dicyclomine and hyoscyamine may improve abdominal pain, but they exhibit the same adverse effect profile as tricyclic antidepressants.
metel, is a highly poisonous plant due to a high concentration of potent and toxic alkaloids such as hyoscine (also called scopolamine), hyoscyamine and atropine, commonly known as "daturines" (Figure 2).
Treatments for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome include dicyclomine and hyoscyamine, and if the diarrhea is accompanied by prominent pain, tricyclic antidepressants might be helpful.