hyperbrachycephalic


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hyperbrachycephalic

[¦hī·pər‚brak·ə·sə′fal·ik]
(anthropology)
Having a round or broad head with a cephalic index of more than 85.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Male--Dolichocephalic, Brachycephalic and Hyperbrachycephalic.
* Female--Brachycephalic, Dolichocephalic and Hyperbrachycephalic in that order.
In males, 31.41% were dolichocephalic, 45.06% were mesocephalic, 18.86% were brachycephalic, 2.09% were hyperbrachycephalic, and 1.57% were ultrabrachycephalic.
Table-1: Distribution of cephalic phenotypes of males and females Cephalic Cephalic Male Female Phenotype Index N % N % Ultradolichocephalic 55.0-59.9 0 0 0 0 Hyperdolichocephalic 60.0-64.9 0 0 0 0 Dolichocephalic 65-74.9 62 31.41 32 27.20 Mesocephalic 75-79.9 86 45.06 40 34 Brachycephalic 80-84.9 36 18.86 28 23.8 Hyperbrachycephalic 85-89.9 04 2.09 09 7.65 Ultrabrachycephalic 90.0-94.9 03 1.57 09 7.65 Total 191 100 118 100
In the present study the cephalic index showed that, majority of the Chakma females were hyperbrachycephalic (very short and broad head) followed by brachycephalic (short and broad head).
This study showed that the adult Bangladeshi Buddhist Chakma females are mostly hyperbrachycephalic, hypereuryprosopic, and mesorrhine, with intermediate eyes and long narrow ears.
This finding is similar to another study was done on Fars males in North of Iran, reported that 52% of individuals were hyperbrachycephalic, 25% brachycephalic (Golalipour, 2006a), and another study in Tehran-Iran, reported that 36.6% of the individuals were brachycephalic, 29.9 % hyperbrachycephalic that it differ from the study in India (Bhatia et al., 1955), which reported the dominant type dolicocephalic (58.5%), del Sol study in Chile and other study with mesocephalic (Marquer & Chamela, 1961).
Male Dolichocephalic 71.0-75.9 13 2.3% Mesocephalic 76.0-80.9 110 19.6% Brachycephalic 81.0-85.9 291 51.9% Hyperbrachycephalic 86.0-90.9 140 25.0% Ultrabrachycephallic 91.0-x 7 1.2% Female Dolichocephalic 72.0-76.9 1 0.5% Mesocephalic 77.0-81.9 38 19.7% Brachycephalic 82.0-86.4 89 46.1% Hyperbrachycephalic 86.5-91.9 60 31.1% Ultrabrachycephallic 92.0-x 5 2.6% Table III.
Of the skull samples analyzed, the most frequent type found was mesocephalic (N = 25), followed by dolichocephalic (N = 21), then by brachycephalic (N = 18), hyperbrachycephalic (N = 5), and hyperdolichocephalic (N = 2).
Among Turkmans the dominant type was hyperbrachycephalic with a frequency of 42.4% and the rare type was the dolichocephalic (8.1%) (Table II).
Head was classified by cephalic index, so that hyperbrachycephalic type with 53.6% was dominant and dolichocephalic type with 0.1% was rare in native Fars females (Table I).