hyperglycemia


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Related to hyperglycemia: hypoglycemia

hyperglycemia:

see diabetesdiabetes
or diabetes mellitus
, chronic disorder of glucose (sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin, a hormone produced in specialized cells (beta cells in the islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas that allows the body to use and store
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.

Hyperglycemia

 

increase in the sugar content of blood to over 120 milligram percent. Temporary hyperglycemia can occur in healthy individuals after intake of large quantities of sugar (so-called nutritional hyperglycemia), during intense pains, and during stress. Chronic hyperglycemia occurs in conjunction with diabetes mellitus, certain other endocrine diseases, deficiency of vitamins C and B1, febricity, hypoxia, and other conditions.

hyperglycemia

[¦hī·pər‚glī′sē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Excessive amounts of sugar in the blood.

hyperglycaemia

(US), hyperglycemia
Pathol an abnormally large amount of sugar in the blood
References in periodicals archive ?
Trend Arrow Readings Before Meals Can Help Identify Glucose Levels that Can be Used to Adjust Treatment and Address After Meal Hyperglycemia
Though rare, the clinical syndrome of hemichorea-hemiballism in conjunction with hyperglycemia displays relatively characteristic imaging features typified by unilateral increased density within the putamen and, to a secondary extent, caudate nucleus and globus pallidus, accompanied by T1 shortening and hyperintensity on MR imaging.
Knowledge of the neurologic and radiologic abnormalities seen with NKH is important for emergency physicians because prompt correction of the underlying hyperglycemia usually leads to quick improvement.
Hyperglycemia was found in 28 out of 150 (18.7%) patients.
In the first survey, 46, 53, and 36 of 189 respondents started to use insulin when BG levels exceeded 11.1 mmol/L, 12.0-15.0 mmol/L, and 15.0 mmol/L in nondiabetic patients, respectively; 135/190 (71%) usually chose continuous intravenous infusion of insulin and 72/190 (38%) usually chose subcutaneous administration of insulin to treat hyperglycemia. Only 11/190 (6%) respondents used tight BG targets as with intensive insulin therapy (4.4-6.1 mmol/L), 109/190 (57%) respondents used more liberal targets of 8.0-10.0 mmol/L, and 43/190 (23%) respondents did not use any strict glucose control strategy.
The study found that Bartlett and Starkrimson pear varieties have compounds such as phenolics and antioxidants as well as activity that slows down enzymes related to starch and glucose metabolism, which relates to managing early stages of hyperglycemia and diabetes-induced hypertension.
One such case of CHBG presented in an elderly female with type II diabetes and right-sided hemichorea of acute onset during an episode of nonketotic hyperglycemia. Her MRI revealed a characteristic hyperintensity and T1 hyperintensity in the left basal ganglia [7].
Regardless of diabetes status, hyperglycemia is a common finding during the admission of patients with acute MI.
Current studies on macrophages focus predominantly on the impairment by consistent hyperglycemia. In primary human monocyte-derived macrophages, hyperglycemia induces the production of the prototype [M.sub.1] cytokines tumor necrosis (TNF-[alpha]), interleukin-1[beta] (IL-[beta]), and IL-6, but inhibits the [M.sub.2] cytokines IL-1Ra and C-C motif chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) during macrophage differentiation [12].
Hyperglycemia effect the expression of GHRH-R on T47D and MDA MB 231 breast cancer cell lines