Cloning and characterization of salmon hsp90 cDNA upregulation by thermal and hyperosmotic
Li et al., "Substance P inhibits hyperosmotic
stress-induced apoptosis in corneal epithelial cells through the mechanism of Akt activation and reactive oxygen species scavenging via the neurokinin-1 receptor," PLoS One, vol.
Effects of hypo-or hyperosmotic
stress on gluconeogenesis, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity, and gene expression in jaw muscle of the crab Chasmagnathus granulata: seasonal differences.
Firstly, high concentration of NaCl produced hyperosmotic
stress in cells that inhibited water uptake, which lead to decrease nutrition absorption and low water availability.
The prolapsed tissues of both cases were cleaned with antiseptic solution (povidone iodine), lavaged with hyperosmotic
dextrose solution (20% dextrose) and gently massaged to reduce edema.
Different physiological properties of yeast such as invertase activity, flocculation, ethanol tolerance, hyperosmotic
tolerance, temperature tolerance, and C[O.sub.2] production for a strain to be used as a commercial baker's were also analyzed [12, 13].
Teleosts are well adapted for ion exchange using active and passive mechanisms across various surface membranes to keep the osmotic pressure of their body fluids steady when they face relatively hyperosmotic
or hypoosmotic environment .
Indeed, numerous studies have demonstrated a link between elevated extracellular NaCl and the development of exaggerated sympathetic outflow [2, 9-12] as well as central hyperosmotic
NaCl challenge consistently increases SNA [2, 9-14].
Bowman, "Physiological aspects of Listeria monocytogenes during inactivation accelerated by mild temperatures and otherwise non-growth permissive acidic and hyperosmotic
conditions," International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol.
The objective of the passive methods is the permeabilization of the BBB with hyperosmotic
agents, surfactant, ultrasounds, and electromagnetic waves to transiently open the tight cell-cell junctions of the BBB .
A previous study reported the occurrence of local [Ca.sup.2+] signals by acute (<1h.) hyperosmotic
stress in the cell periphery of cultured muscle fibers .
Vestibular dysfunction etiology is still unclear; it has been hypothesized that the reflux of hyperosmotic
fluid into the basal end of the cochlear duct may elicit vertigo, while degeneration of vestibular hair cells due to osmotic and chemical imbalance maybe another mechanism of injury [9, 28, 33].