hypertonic


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Related to hypertonic: Hypertonic solution

hypertonic

[‚hī·pər′tän·ik]
(physiology)
Excessive or above normal in tone or tension, as a muscle.
Having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution or of any other solution taken as a standard.
References in periodicals archive ?
The hypertonic environment in the medulla allows water to be reabsorbed from the tubules by osmosis.
Hypertonic saline, not mannitol, should be considered gold-standard medical therapy for intracranial hypertension.
Hydrophilic extended wear contact lenses along with hypertonic saline drops can be used to create a hypertonic reservoir.
At 1 minute of exposure, the protoscolicidal effects of the garlic chloroformic extract (200 mg/mL) were significantly different from those of 0.5% silver nitrate and 20% hypertonic sodium chloride (P<0.001 and P=0.003).
"This prospective evaluation of patients with hypotonic polyuria validated hypertonic saline-stimulated copeptin measurement as a diagnostic method that appeared to be superior to the indirect water-deprivation test in distinguishing central diabetes insipidus from primary polydipsia," the authors write.
Hypertonic saline infusion for treating intracrania hypertension after severe traumatic brain injury.
The MRA score after 48 hours of nebulization was 4.89 +-1.22 in normal saline group versus 3.34 +-1.05 in patients of hypertonic saline group (p value <0.001).
At the seventh hour of emergency service follow-up, generalized tonic-clonic seizures were observed followed by hypertonic posture.
A bolus injection of hypertonic saline (5.8% NaCl) was administered to either the ECR or the FDI muscle using a 1 mL syringe with a disposable needle (27G).
"The use of hypertonic saline for infants with a first episode of acute bronchiolitis in the pediatric emergency department cannot be recommended," declared Dr.
Compliance is thus really poor and frequently use of isotonic or hypertonic saline solution is needed.
(9) reported that out of 2105 patients in whom hypertonic saline was injected to manage pain, 1% developed paraplegia or quadriplegia.