hypoalbuminemia


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hypoalbuminemia

[¦hī·pō·al‚byü·mə′nē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Abnormally low levels of albumin in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Key words: Child, hypoalbuminemia, protein-losing enteropathy
There have been a variety of mechanisms to explain the shift of ascitic fluid into the pleural space, including hypoalbuminemia, azygos vein hypertension, leakage from the thoracic duct, transdiaphragmatic lymphatic migration and most important, the pressure--gradient directed flow through diaphragmatic defects [8].
LIVACT Granules has been available in the Japanese market since 1996, indicated for "improvement of hypoalbuminemia(2) in patients with decompensated hepatic cirrhosis(3) that have hypoalbuminemia despite adequate dietary intake".
Sonographic findings were a thickened gallbladder wall (defined as wall thickness > 4 mm) in absence of ascitis and hypoalbuminemia, a positive sonographic Murphy's sign (defined as maximum tenderness of the sonographically localized gallbladder), pericholecystic fluid collection, and no stone(s) in the gallbladder (4).
Risk factors for contrast-induced nephropathy (3,4) * Insufficient baseline renal function * Diabetes, especially with renal impairment * Hypertension * Hypotension * Age >75 years * Concomitant use of nephrotoxic drugs * Dehydration * Cirrhosis * Nephrotoxic syndrome * Hypoalbuminemia * Multiple contrast injections within a 72-hour period * High volume of contrast used * Intra-arterial injection of contrast
anemia, hypoalbuminemia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate).
Figge J, Jabor A, Kazda A, Fencl V Anion gap and hypoalbuminemia.
2005), hypoalbuminemia (Mapes, Lopes, Satayathum, McCullough, Goodkin, Locatelli, et al.
2) Hypoalbuminemia leads to fluid leakage from the capillary beds allowing the fluid to collect in the surrounding tissues.
Massive proteinuria leads to hypoalbuminemia, salt retention, disorder of hemostasis, hyperlipidemia and increased susceptibility to infections.
Larger effusions should raise clinical concern for hydrops fetalis, Rh disease, hypoalbuminemia, and infectious or autoimmune disorder.