It's still unknown why the hypocaust
disks shifted and the walls and roof of the bath collapsed.
The essential difference between Turkish baths and their Classical/Roman predecessors is their use of hot running water produced in a boiler rather than the ancient hypocaust
The origin of these systems is the hypocaust
heating system of the Roman baths.
These include a hypocaust
, or heated, south-facing wall to help cultivate fruit trees.
Our visit to the fort on Friday was an outstanding success; the hypocaust
is truly amazing, and as the site was quite empty apart from ourselves, it was an excellent opportunity to enjoy some local history in the gorgeous surroundings.
Raam detected a fragmented hewn slab with openings for hot air and a vault of a hypocaust
Other thermal control elements are the galleries' hypocaust
floors which are like raised office plates over a concrete slab.
The afternoon was spent in Sancha village, where UNDP and the Global Environment Facility have been cooperating to install energy-saving hypocaust
heating systems in rural homes to help reduce carbon emissions and protect the surrounding forests.
It also features a collection of ancient Roman stonework and a reconstructed hypocaust
feature in what was once known as the little amphitheatre.
In the early 19th Century a farm cart fell into a hole which later turned out to be the hypocaust
, or underground heating system, of the fort's bath house.
Fragments of what appears to be another furnace lay in a central position in the south hypocaust
wall, while on the eastern side of the workshop, a southern extension of the east wall had two locations on it which appeared to have been prepared for the construction of furnaces but were never completed.
21 Details of the Bregenz system are in AR December 1997, pp51-52 Zumthor's fascination with the potential of massive concrete as thermal flywheel can be seen as early as the little wooden farm extension at Versam (1990), where a wood-burning stove heats a massive internal concrete wall with hypocaust