sequestrate fungi in South America--how well do we know them?
The population of the hypogeous
fungus Tuber aestivum syn.
Methods: The material was collected following the recommendations for the study of hypogeous
A special attention need to be focused on developing natural production, and why not to move to the "production of desert truffles" via controlled mycorrhization of annual or perennial associative desert plant, to meet the increasing demand of these highly valued hypogeous
Stazi, "Energy and microclimatic performance of restored hypogeous
buildings in south Italy: the "Sassi" district of Matera" Building and Environment, vol.
The fungal spores for these two groups are located in a special structure called the basidium (for Basidiomycetes) or the ascus (for Ascomycetes), and such mushrooms can grow either above the earth (epigeous macrofungi), giving mainly umbrella like structures which include basidiospores, or at depths of 10-20 cm below the soil surface (hypogeous
macrofungi or truffles).
The influence of thinning on production of hypogeous
fungus sporocarps in Douglas fir forests in the northern Oregon Coast Range.
Acromyrmex colony nests can be completely hypogeous
(underground, i.e., A.
Foods vary and include seeds of pines, hypogeous
fungi, apical buds, inner bark, and male and female pine cones (J.
A rooting procedure for lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) and other hypogeous
legumes (pea, chickpea and Lathyrus) based on explant polarity.
At present, island biogeography theory has not been applied to terrestrial macrofungi; but studies of fungal colonization of leaves (Andrews et al., 1987), hypogeous
fungi on islands (Weden et al., 2004) and resource utilization in soil (Wildman, 1987) indicate island biogeography theory applies in fungal systems.
Tuber melanosporum (black truffle of Perigord) is a hypogeous
ascomycete, ectomycorrhizal fungus of the Pezizales order, with great culinary and commercial value (more than 1000 [euro]/kg) due to its intense aroma.