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Related to hypophysis: pituitary gland


see pituitary glandpituitary gland,
small oval endocrine gland that lies at the base of the brain. It is sometimes called the master gland of the body because all the other endocrine glands depend on its secretions for stimulation (see endocrine system).
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A small rounded endocrine gland which lies in the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone and is attached to the floor of the third ventricle of the brain in all craniate vertebrates. Also known as pituitary gland.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pituitary gland

, body
the master endocrine gland, attached by a stalk to the base of the brain. Its two lobes (see adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis) secrete hormones affecting skeletal growth, development of the sex glands, and the functioning of the other endocrine glands Also called hypophysis hypophysis cerebri
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The hypophysis plays a major role in regulating important physical functions and general wellbeing.
Blanco et al., "Immunohistochemical evidence of the presence of aromatase P450 in the rat hypophysis," Cell and Tissue Research, vol.
Hypophysis hormones especially prolactin, placental lactogen, adrenal steroids, ovarian steroids are regarded as compounds required for milk production.
Di Michele et al., "Microvascular morphometrics of the hypophysis and pituitary tumors: from bench to operating theatre," Microvascular Research, vol.
To investigate this possibility, in this paper vimentin expression and distribution was characterized in the hypothalamus and hypophysis of adult male Camelus dromedarius as a factor involved in the cell remodeling.
Galeno habria sido quien introdujo las palabras "Epiphysis e Hypophysis", terminos empleados hasta la actualidad (Kachlik et al., 2009).
These authors indicated that at least three known functions can be attributed to it, one is the regulation of blood flow and pressure to the encephalic circulation; another is temperature regulation and finally the rete can facilitate transfer of substances from venous blood coming from the nasal mucosa to the hypophysis.
The adult brain divided into three main parts: the hind brain (Medulla oblongata, Cerebellum), the midbrain (Peduncles of the cerebrum, Optic lobes), and the forebrain (Thalamus, Pineal body, Hypophysis, Optic tracts and chiasm, Cerebral hemispheres, Olfactory lobes)
After macroscopic observations of the ovaries and follicles (number, colour and size), hypophysis, ovaries and oviducts were removed immediately, fixed in Bouin's solution for 3 h (hypophysis) and 24 h (ovaries and oviducts), dehydrated and embedded in Paraplast (Monoject Scientific, U.S.A.) for light microscopy.