Xerostomia

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Related to hyposalivation: salivary flow
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Xerostomia

 

dryness in the mouth. It is observed in affection of the salivary glands as a result of bilateral neuritis of the facial nerve, pathological processes in the hypothalamic region of the brain, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, diffuse thyrotoxic goiter, and some other diseases. It is found in elderly people and in cases of emaciation resulting from starvation. It is often combined with xerophthalmia and glossalgia. It is manifested by burning in the tongue, gums, lips, and cheeks and difficulty in swallowing food; saliva secretion is decreased or completely absent. Xerostomia is often accompanied by caries. Treatment calls for the removal of the basic disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
de Baat, "The diagnostic suitability of a xerostomia questionnaire and the association between xerostomia, hyposalivation and medication use in a group of nursing home residents," Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.
We observed increased levels of [PGE.sub.2] in SMG of CIH-exposed rats, which would explain the severe hyposalivation observed after 90 minutes of pilocarpine stimulation.
(15) These results support the hypotheses that salivary flow decreases as a consequence of aging and that age-related hyposalivation is one of the factors contributing to xerostomia among older adults.
Medications with antisialogogue effects are the most frequent causes of hyposalivation [10].
Xerostomia is defined as "a subjective sensation of dry mouth," which is usually correlated with low salivary flow rates (hyposalivation).
(2010) Oral and dental healthcare of oral cancer patients: Hyposalivation, caries and infections.
Sakamoto, "Hyposalivation in autoimmune diseases," Rheumatology International, vol.
As filter paper strips have been previously used for sialometry [16-19], the aim of this study was to establish referential values range of hyposalivation and normosalivation for the salivary flow rates of soft palate (PS) and upper labial (LS) mucosa areas using a weighing method with Schirmer's test strips paper and as a second goal to verify their range values in subjects with and without xerostomia.
Additionally, both objective and subjective alterations related to salivary flow (hyposalivation, xerostomia, and dysgeusia) have been reported in these patients but have not yet been completely linked to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
Most common galactogogues for human use are metoclopramide, domperidone, chlorpromazine, and sulpiride (Table 1); their remarkable side effects in mothers are xerostomia (dry mouth syndrome or hyposalivation), gastrointestinal disorders, cardiac arrhythmia, lethargy, sedation, extrapyramidal symptoms such as hypertension, tremor, tic, facial seborrhea, and hyperhidrosis, and even sudden death.
Surgeons from the US, Europe, Israel, and Canada describe the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine and aerodigestive neoplasms of the head and neck, salivary neoplasms, lymphoma, and benign jaw tumors, as well as the rehabilitation of patients in terms of swallowing, dental oncology, xerostomia and hyposalivation, mucositis, reconstruction, and prostheses.
Salivary secretion, taste, and hyposalivation. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 34, 711-723.