Hypostasis

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hypostasis

[hī′päs·tə·səs]
(medicine)
A condition involving settling of blood in dependent parts of an organ.

Hypostasis

 

suppression in the phenotype (that is, the structural and functional properties of an organism) of the expression of a given gene (hypostatic) by another gene or genes located in other sections of the chromosome or in other chromosomes (nonallelic genes). Genes that suppress the activity of hypostatic genes are called epistatic. In the crossing of genetically different organisms, hypostasis can cause a change in the correlation of characters in the second generation; in this, the nature of the change depends on whether the epistatic gene is dominant or recessive in relation to the hypostatic gene. If both genes are dominant, there is a separation in the ratio 12:3:1 in the second generation, instead of the usual separation of characters in the phenotype ratio 9:3:3:1 (Mendel’s law). For example, in oats, during the crossing of organisms that lack the dominant genes of the black (A) and gray (B) grain color, there will be only one gene A expressed in their offspring, which lack gene A and gene B. In such a case, the separation will have the formula 12 black: 3 gray: 1 white. In the case of recessiveness of epistatic and hypostatic genes, the separation will have the formula 9:3:4.

V. N. SOIFER


Hypostasis

 

an accumulation of blood in the capillary network of the lower parts of the body and individual organs.

Hypostasis during life is caused by cardiac insufficiency and develops because of venous congestion. Hypostasis arises in the lungs when a weakened patient is forced to remain supine for an extended period. Blood circulation deteriorates in the pulmonary system, there is an increased lack of oxygen, and hypostatic pneumonia often develops. Agonal hypostasis is observed during protracted dying as a result of the weakening of the heart’s activity. Cadaveric hypostasis appears three to six hours after death as violet or dark purple spots on the skin of the lower parts of the corpse because of the settling of the blood. The time of appearance and the intensity of these spots are of importance to forensic medicine in helping to ascertain the time and manner of death.

L. E. MANEVICH


Hypostasis

 

Originally a philosophical term introduced by the followers of Aristotle to signify the individual and the truly existing, the concept “hypostasis” was adopted by Christian theologians who were developing Christian dogmatics (it is not found in the New Testament). Until the fourth century it was synonymous with “essence.” After this, it acquired a new mean- ing in Christian dogma about the Trinity, signifying each person of the Trinity (according to Christian dogma, the Trinity consists of three hypostases).

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En fin de compte, victime du contraste entre sa propre volonte et son emprise sur les autres, Clarisse en tant que martyre de son extreme confiance dans les gens et dans ses principes, est symboliquement rapportable aussi a une autre hypostase de la biche, celle aux abois.
purely relational, differences between the hypostases of the God.
115-20 (on the symmetry of the hypostases in their mutual immanence--the geometry, in effect, of divine being).
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So Severus' charge against the Christology of Chalcedon, that along with the two natures two hypostases are introduced, would appear justified.
But unlike Kant, Nietzsche stresses that the concepts we build up via logic are sheer positings, hypostases.
Under the aforementioned influences, the Romanian poet built a composite portrait of his beloved, in all the hypostases of femininity dominating his thoughts.
terms, one could point out several hypostases the notion of
The theological formula used is: One Essence--three hypostases (mia ousia--treis hypostaseis), by which is understood the Unity of Essence in the sense of numerical, not specific, unity.
But to speak of "mysteries" in this context presumes that the events of Christ's life are extensions of the "mystery" of the incarnation-which itself is understood in terms of the Chalcedonian dogma of the two hypostases in Christ and the principle of the "exchange of attributes" of the council of Ephesus.
Le point de convergence de ce volume collectif, devoile des le titre, consiste dans l'analyse du populisme par des divers ongles theoriques et par des diverses hypostases concretes des manifestations de ce phenomene politique dans le temps et dans l'espace.
However, the social hypostases do not appear as gross descriptions but rather as accompanied by stereotypes, which are negative (the Other is seen as barbaric, nomadic, tent man, untrained peasant, easterner, wild) or positive (the old Greek, the good wild).