Hypostasis


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Related to Hypostasis: Ousia

hypostasis

[hī′päs·tə·səs]
(medicine)
A condition involving settling of blood in dependent parts of an organ.

Hypostasis

 

suppression in the phenotype (that is, the structural and functional properties of an organism) of the expression of a given gene (hypostatic) by another gene or genes located in other sections of the chromosome or in other chromosomes (nonallelic genes). Genes that suppress the activity of hypostatic genes are called epistatic. In the crossing of genetically different organisms, hypostasis can cause a change in the correlation of characters in the second generation; in this, the nature of the change depends on whether the epistatic gene is dominant or recessive in relation to the hypostatic gene. If both genes are dominant, there is a separation in the ratio 12:3:1 in the second generation, instead of the usual separation of characters in the phenotype ratio 9:3:3:1 (Mendel’s law). For example, in oats, during the crossing of organisms that lack the dominant genes of the black (A) and gray (B) grain color, there will be only one gene A expressed in their offspring, which lack gene A and gene B. In such a case, the separation will have the formula 12 black: 3 gray: 1 white. In the case of recessiveness of epistatic and hypostatic genes, the separation will have the formula 9:3:4.

V. N. SOIFER


Hypostasis

 

an accumulation of blood in the capillary network of the lower parts of the body and individual organs.

Hypostasis during life is caused by cardiac insufficiency and develops because of venous congestion. Hypostasis arises in the lungs when a weakened patient is forced to remain supine for an extended period. Blood circulation deteriorates in the pulmonary system, there is an increased lack of oxygen, and hypostatic pneumonia often develops. Agonal hypostasis is observed during protracted dying as a result of the weakening of the heart’s activity. Cadaveric hypostasis appears three to six hours after death as violet or dark purple spots on the skin of the lower parts of the corpse because of the settling of the blood. The time of appearance and the intensity of these spots are of importance to forensic medicine in helping to ascertain the time and manner of death.

L. E. MANEVICH


Hypostasis

 

Originally a philosophical term introduced by the followers of Aristotle to signify the individual and the truly existing, the concept “hypostasis” was adopted by Christian theologians who were developing Christian dogmatics (it is not found in the New Testament). Until the fourth century it was synonymous with “essence.” After this, it acquired a new mean- ing in Christian dogma about the Trinity, signifying each person of the Trinity (according to Christian dogma, the Trinity consists of three hypostases).

References in periodicals archive ?
He shows himself unsatisfied with the terminological ambiguity left by the De Sectis and introduces yet another ([Pi][Alpha][Lambda][Iota][Upsilon]) sense of enhypostatos which is specifically applicable to Christology: a nature that has been taken up by another hypostasis and has its existence in it is called enhypostatos.
The theme of love illuminated Blaga's last period of creation, but in no hypostasis, however indicative of conflictive feelings, do Blagian symbols betray an unbalanced personality, through doubling, irresolvable splitting.
But rather the property of both natures is preserved and comes together into a single person (hypostasis) and in a single being" (see Tanner, Decrees, p.
15), denied that the Second Hypostasis could be a homoousion meros of the Godhead, as `Manichaeus' held.
This is why, he says, there can never be a revelation of the Spirit as a Person in the church, even though in other respects his gifts are inseparable from his hypostasis. The Holy Spirit having no name of his own, St Sergius sees him as appearing in all humility, in keeping with which he is totally merged into the trinitarian love, while himself being the hypostasis of Love.
If they unite in the hypostasis, then is the hypostasis the incarnation or the preexistent Logos?
argues that Sophia is "a fourth hypostasis" that is eternal, albeit not consubstantial, with the Persons of the Trinity (217).
Another special hypostasis of feminism, well researched by Mihaela Frunza is that of eco feminism.
Interpreting a passage in Republic II (379c) that vindicates the goodness of the gods and assigns the existence of evil to "some other causes," he argues that there is no single cause of evil, no hypostasis; there are rather individul evils that emerge in and coexist with individual bodies and souls in some sort of parhypostasis, "parasitic existence" (the translators' rendering of the term; compare to p.
His writings, filling four fat volumes (29-32) of Migne's Patrologia Graeca, are praised by the Byzantine Patriarch-critic Photius as "all equally admirable." Three anti-Arian treatises explicate the tricky semantic issues of 'Ousia' and 'Hypostasis.' Basil's 'On The Holy Spirit' (defended by Athanasius against some clerical-monkish objections) was the source and inspiration for that of Ambrose.
Be that as it may, the period did witness intensive formulations of solar hymns, (8) and the remarkable manifestation in the visual arts of what is commonly but erroneously termed the "Bes-mask" as a hypostasis of the god Amun.
Other significant points that Marbock makes are that Ben Sira had traveled to foreign lands (mistakenly disputed by some), that there were post-Exilic wisdom schools in Israel (an issue still debated, although primarily with regard to the pre-Exilic period), and that the much-discussed issue over whether Wisdom is a personification or an hypostasis in Ben Sira misses the point, since she is there God's universal wisdom.