hypostyle


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hypostyle

(hĭp`əstīl, hī`pə–), the chamber in Egyptian temples in which a number of columns supported a flat stone roof. Forming the chief and largest inner space of the temple, it was entered from the outer courtyard and, in turn, gave access to the holy of holies and the small inner sanctuaries occupying the rear of the structure. Its columns were arranged to form a wide center aisle flanked by two or more side aisles, the center one rising higher than the others to permit clerestory lighting. The ruined temple of Amon at Al Karnak shows the most celebrated hypostyle hall, constructed in the XIX dynasty.
References in periodicals archive ?
Achaemenid established the first method of Persian architecture using art and technology of other obedience nations and composition and integration it with local and national thinking and art especially the use of ancient architectural periods particularly in Urartu architecture and Barsav them in designing orthorhombic spaces hypostyle halls.
The sanctuary, the rooms surrounding it, and the inner hypostyle hall fronting the sanctuary were the first to be built, under King Ptolemy XII in the middle of the first century B.C.E.; on the southwest side of the exterior wall of the naos is the well-known representation of the famous Queen Cleopatra VII and Caesarion, her son from Julius Caesar.
La construction du temple d'Hathor fut entreprise sous le regne de Ptolemee IX et terminee sous Neron avec l'achevement de la decoration de la grande salle hypostyle. C'est l'un des temples les mieux conserves.
But it has not lost its sense of history: within the mosque is a hypostyle prayer hall, in which the roof is supported by columns, a vast courtyard paved with white marble, and a square minaret that has since served as the prototype for all the minarets of the western Islamic world, including North Africa and Andalusia.
Mesostyle Crwn hght, Mesostyle Crown Height; L x W, Length times Width; L / W, Length divided by Width; Protoloph-Metaloph conn, Protoloph-Metaloph connected; Pli cab, Pli-caballin; Pli prtlph, Pli-protoloph; Pli prf, Pli-prefossette; Pli psf, Pli-postfossette; Pli hyst, Pli- hypostyle. Appendix B.
As in the case with many mosques, the prayer hall was constructed in the hypostyle form, where the roof is held up by a multitude of columns.
Its Great Hypostyle Hall is large enough swallow St Paul's Cathedral in London TWICE.
Spanish UNIFIL soldiers then handed him a model of the Hypostyle Hall of the Mosque of Cordoba in honor of his visit.
I saw small groups of trendy student types sitting in the hypostyle sections of the building, talking quietly and enjoying the cool shade and views out over the tank, now occupied by parkland.