hypostyle

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hypostyle

(hĭp`əstīl, hī`pə–), the chamber in Egyptian temples in which a number of columns supported a flat stone roof. Forming the chief and largest inner space of the temple, it was entered from the outer courtyard and, in turn, gave access to the holy of holies and the small inner sanctuaries occupying the rear of the structure. Its columns were arranged to form a wide center aisle flanked by two or more side aisles, the center one rising higher than the others to permit clerestory lighting. The ruined temple of Amon at Al Karnak shows the most celebrated hypostyle hall, constructed in the XIX dynasty.
References in periodicals archive ?
After each visit to a temple - Edfu, Kom Ombu, the Aswan dams, Queen Hatshepsut's unfinished obelisk, Philae, Elephantine Island, Abu Simbel, Esna, Luxor, Karnak - we scurried to our cosy cabin and swotted up on gods, pharaonic dynasties, pylons, hypostyles, sanctuaries, hieroglyphs and cartouches in a desperate bid to keep up with him intelligently.
Within the complex are courtyards, massive statues, colonnades, and hypostyles. Originally dedicated to the god Amun, today's visitors may be surprised to see the remains of an ancient Christian Church and the Abu Haggag Mosque.
Of particular note are the Hypostyle Hall (54,000 square feet / 5,000 square meters), the Sacred Lake, and temples dedicated to various Egyptian gods.