hyrax


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hyrax

(hī`răks), name for rabbit-sized mammals of Africa and SW Asia comprising the family Procavidae. Although rodentlike in appearance, hyraxes are hoofed mammals, or ungulates (see ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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), most closely related to elephants and sea cows. The hyrax, also called coney or dassie, has a squat, furry body, with short slender legs, short ears, and a short tail. It has small hooves on its toes, and moist padded soles that cling to steep surfaces by suction, making it an excellent climber. There are four hyrax species, classified in three genera. The genera Procavia and Heterohyrax include the two ground-living species. They are rock dwellers and live in colonies of up to 50 animals; they are found especially in deserts and hills. The rock hyrax (P. capensis) is noted for the "songs" of the male. The species of the genus Dendrohyrax are arboreal and are known as tree hyraxes; they are the only tree-dwelling hoofed mammals. Tree hyraxes are solitary and nocturnal; they are confined to forested regions of Africa. Hyraxes feed on seeds, fruit, and leaves, and in large numbers can be serious agricultural pests. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Hyracoidea, family Procavidae.
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hyrax

any agile herbivorous mammal of the family Procaviidae and order Hyracoidea, of Africa and SW Asia, such as Procavia capensis (rock hyrax). They resemble rodents but have feet with hooflike toes
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
While small mammals typically experience a short gestation period, rock hyrax pregnancies last for more than seven months.
The baby hyrax triplets - each weighing no more than a banana at about 250 grams - which were born at Chester Zoo
In the comics, Hyrax's organization was covertly infiltrated by the Green Arrow.
The key which is provided for opening up the hyrax screws during rapid palatal expansion is used for activation purposes in relieving the trismus.
RME group consisted of 25 subjects (12 boys and 13 girls; mean age, 13.7[+ or -]1.9 years) in the permanent dentition that included erupted second molars and had an initial treatment by cast splint Hyrax expander.
bed to the Views Lido, Less recognisable specimens were Defassa Waterbuck (a large antelope), Kirk's Dik Dik (a small antelope) and a Bush Hyrax (a small tree-dwelling mammal).
This week we'll meet 15 baby monkeys, a reindeer calf an hour old and not yet able to stand, a hyrax (it looks like a big hamster) with teeth trouble and rhinos having a mud bath.
Vongvatcharanon, "Effect of osteogenic periosteal distraction by a modified Hyrax device with and without platelet-rich fibrin on bone formation in a rabbit model: a pilot study," International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol.
A study in Zimbabwe's Matopo Hills showed 72 percent of stomach content was from animals 10 pounds or less (squirrels, hyrax, etc.).
[23], in a study conducted in Italy, submitted 27 children with an average age of seven years, to RME using Hyrax. All children were diagnosed with recurrent otitis media associated with adenoid hypertrophy and transverse maxillary deficiency.